Green algae from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904.Dicksonia antarctica, a species of tree fern.A petrified log in Petrified Forest National Park.The leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants.
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Plants

Plants are a major group of life forms and include familiar organisms such as trees, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae. About 350,000 species of plants, defined as seed plants, bryophytes, ferns and fern allies, are estimated to exist currently. more...

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As of 2004, some 287,655 species had been identified, of which 258,650 are flowering and 15,000 bryophytes (see table below). Green plants, sometimes called metaphytes, obtain most of their energy from sunlight via a process called photosynthesis.

Definition

Aristotle divided all living things between plants (which generally do not move), and animals (which often are mobile to catch their food). In Linnaeus' system, these became the Kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Since then, it has become clear that the Plantae as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. However, these are still often considered plants in many contexts, both technical and popular.

When the name Plantae or plants is applied to a specific taxon, it is usually referring to one of three concepts. From smallest to largest in inclusiveness, these three groupings are:

  • Land plants, also known as Embryophyta or Metaphyta. As the narrowest of plant categories, this is further delineated below.
  • Green plants - also known as Viridiplantae, Viridiphyta or Chlorobionta - comprise the above Embryophytes, Charophyta (i.e., primitive stoneworts), and Chlorophyta (i.e., green algae such as sea lettuce). It is this clade which is mainly the subject of this article.
  • Archaeplastida - also known as Plantae sensu lato, Plastida or Primoplantae - comprises the green plants above, as well as Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (simple glaucophyte algae). As the broadest plant clade, this comprises most of the eukaryotes that eons ago acquired their chloroplasts directly by engulfing cyanobacteria.

Informally, other creatures that carry out photosynthesis are called plants as well, but they do not constitute a formal taxon and represent species that are not closely related to true plants. There are around 375,000 species of plants, and each year more are found and described by science.

Algae

Green algae from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904.Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Sedum Multiceps "Mini Joshua Tree" bonsai SucculentSedum Multiceps "Mini Joshua Tree" bonsai Succulent $26.00 Cattleya jenmanii var. alba 'Fuchs Snow' Fcc/Aos cattleya species in budsCattleya jenmanii var. alba 'Fuchs Snow' Fcc/Aos cattleya species in buds $250.00
Tylecodon singularis Last oneTylecodon singularis Last one $26.00 Philodendron gloriosum, rarePhilodendron gloriosum, rare $77.00
Rus / Ukr African Violet Chimera Pearl Dew - Plant in Bloom!Rus / Ukr African Violet Chimera Pearl Dew - Plant in Bloom! $25.00 Bulbophyllum brienianum X Bulb campanulatum Bloom sizeBulbophyllum brienianum X Bulb campanulatum Bloom size $28.50
Tephrocactus Geometricus cactus RareTephrocactus Geometricus cactus Rare $29.00 Jatropha Multifida succulent type treeJatropha Multifida succulent type tree $18.75
Monstera obliqua (Peru form), established rooted plant, rareMonstera obliqua (Peru form), established rooted plant, rare $590.00 Lc. Puppy Love 'True Beauty' Cattleya Orchid DivisionLc. Puppy Love 'True Beauty' Cattleya Orchid Division $1.04
Air PlantsAir Plants $5.00 Oncidium Sweet Sugar ‘Lemon Drop’ In SpikeOncidium Sweet Sugar ‘Lemon Drop’ In Spike $24.50
Phalaenopsis Phal. Evolution Orchid Plant in BloomPhalaenopsis Phal. Evolution Orchid Plant in Bloom $4.50 Peniocereus greggii Cactus - Tuberous roots- Caudiciform interestingPeniocereus greggii Cactus - Tuberous roots- Caudiciform interesting $20.50
Dendrobium White Woo Leng Blue Lip Bloom sizeDendrobium White Woo Leng Blue Lip Bloom size $28.00 Cephalotus Follicularis Hummer's Giant / Large pitchers #1Cephalotus Follicularis Hummer's Giant / Large pitchers #1 $81.00
African Violet Chimera 'Nd-Beauty Queen Sport" - Plant in Bud!African Violet Chimera 'Nd-Beauty Queen Sport" - Plant in Bud! $29.00 Ornithogalum perdans Succulent Bulb RareOrnithogalum perdans Succulent Bulb Rare $16.00
Cattleya trianae sangredetoro 'Original'Cattleya trianae sangredetoro 'Original' $10.50 Anthurium roseonervium Rugged blue leavesAnthurium roseonervium Rugged blue leaves $31.00
Ferocactus glaucescens Blue Barrel CactusFerocactus glaucescens Blue Barrel Cactus $12.00 Anthurium scandens, rareAnthurium scandens, rare $31.00
Echeveria Marcus Korean Succulent 4"Echeveria Marcus Korean Succulent 4" $12.00 Astrophytum Myriostigma "Cloud"- Japanese Hybrid Cactus RareAstrophytum Myriostigma "Cloud"- Japanese Hybrid Cactus Rare $18.75
Variegated African Violet Chimera 'Rs-Wheel of Fortune’ - Plant in Bud!Variegated African Violet Chimera 'Rs-Wheel of Fortune’ - Plant in Bud! $30.00 Hoya golamcoiana. Rare, freshly rooted plant in a 3in pot.Hoya golamcoiana. Rare, freshly rooted plant in a 3in pot. $37.00
Mother of millions succulent tall varietyMother of millions succulent tall variety $3.99 Echinopsis B. Monstrose Crested Cactus SucculentEchinopsis B. Monstrose Crested Cactus Succulent $40.00
Hoya cv. Ruthie. Rare, freshly rooted plant in a 4in pot.Hoya cv. Ruthie. Rare, freshly rooted plant in a 4in pot. $27.00 Haworthia Hybrid succulent- Into the NightHaworthia Hybrid succulent- Into the Night $15.00
Euphorbia Kamponii Succulent Rare - First Time OfferEuphorbia Kamponii Succulent Rare - First Time Offer $14.50 Stenocereus Beneckei grafted cactus rareStenocereus Beneckei grafted cactus rare $18.50
Dudleya blochmaniae insularis Rare island endemicDudleya blochmaniae insularis Rare island endemic $30.00 Epithelantha micromeris subsp. polycephala Crested Grafted Cactus RareEpithelantha micromeris subsp. polycephala Crested Grafted Cactus Rare $28.75
Rhaphidophora cryptantha Rare! Shingle Plants Monstera/Philodendron collectorsRhaphidophora cryptantha Rare! Shingle Plants Monstera/Philodendron collectors $45.00 Semiminiature African Violet Winnie Woo - Starter PlantSemiminiature African Violet Winnie Woo - Starter Plant $13.50
Alluaudia procera Multi branch SucculentAlluaudia procera Multi branch Succulent $21.50 Eria hyacinthoides blooming sizeEria hyacinthoides blooming size $28.00
African Violet Chimera Jere’S Star Burst- Plant in BudAfrican Violet Chimera Jere’S Star Burst- Plant in Bud $15.00 Christensonia vietnamica X Ascovandoritis Prapin Blooming SizeChristensonia vietnamica X Ascovandoritis Prapin Blooming Size $28.00
Dendrobium Vinter’s Reserve ‘Vino Tinto’ In SpikeDendrobium Vinter’s Reserve ‘Vino Tinto’ In Spike $28.00 African Violet Chimera 'Ko's Misty Moon' - Plant in BudAfrican Violet Chimera 'Ko's Misty Moon' - Plant in Bud $22.00
Variegated Miniature African Violet 'Shirl's Red Sky' - Starter PlantVariegated Miniature African Violet 'Shirl's Red Sky' - Starter Plant $9.50 Philodendron Birkin Pink Sp Hybrid Rojo Congo Variegated Plant Aroid Heat PackPhilodendron Birkin Pink Sp Hybrid Rojo Congo Variegated Plant Aroid Heat Pack $49.99
African Violet Chimera 'Princess Leia' - Plant in BudAfrican Violet Chimera 'Princess Leia' - Plant in Bud $23.00 Hoffmannia ‘Fantasia’, rareHoffmannia ‘Fantasia’, rare $21.00
Dioscorea Elephantipes Succulent Caudex Caudiciform SpecimenDioscorea Elephantipes Succulent Caudex Caudiciform Specimen $83.00 Dioscorea hemicrypta Caudex Caudiciform caudex Succulent RareDioscorea hemicrypta Caudex Caudiciform caudex Succulent Rare $35.00
Dendrobium Platycaulon Interesting flattened Psuedobulbs 4 Inch PotDendrobium Platycaulon Interesting flattened Psuedobulbs 4 Inch Pot $28.00 Euphorbia obsea X ps
00006000
eudoglobosa Succulent clusterEuphorbia obsea X ps 00006000 eudoglobosa Succulent cluster $17.50
Echinopsis San P. crested cactusEchinopsis San P. crested cactus $46.00 African Violet Chimera "Milky Blue" - Plant in Bloom!African Violet Chimera "Milky Blue" - Plant in Bloom! $15.00
Rus/Ukr African Violet Chimera 'Nd-Beauty Queen" - Plant in BudRus/Ukr African Violet Chimera 'Nd-Beauty Queen" - Plant in Bud $31.00 Russian African Violet "Rs-Comet / РС-Комета" - Plant in Bloom!Russian African Violet "Rs-Comet / РС-Комета" - Plant in Bloom! $26.00
Haworthia mirabilis x maughanii SucculentHaworthia mirabilis x maughanii Succulent $15.00 Sea Urchin/ Air Plant HangarSea Urchin/ Air Plant Hangar $5.00
Pachycormus discolor Succulent Caudex Bonsai RarePachycormus discolor Succulent Caudex Bonsai Rare $27.25 Cym. Cumberland Blues 'Dark Red' Warm Growing FragrantCym. Cumberland Blues 'Dark Red' Warm Growing Fragrant $32.00
Othonna pavelkae Last oneOthonna pavelkae Last one $25.00 African Violet 'Double Blue Boy' - Starter PlantAfrican Violet 'Double Blue Boy' - Starter Plant $10.00
Haworthia Hybrid succulent- Emerald PrinceHaworthia Hybrid succulent- Emerald Prince $15.00 Dorstenia Zanzibarica Succulent Caudex CaudiciformDorstenia Zanzibarica Succulent Caudex Caudiciform $12.75
Anthurium Vittarifolium Long Strap Leaves Rare Tropical Aroid hanging leaf +HeatAnthurium Vittarifolium Long Strap Leaves Rare Tropical Aroid hanging leaf +Heat $73.00 Gasteria Hybrid Nature's Curiosity Shop Ncs Succulent Rare 5Gasteria Hybrid Nature's Curiosity Shop Ncs Succulent Rare 5 $15.00
Euphorbia Horrida Monstrose SucculentEuphorbia Horrida Monstrose Succulent $16.75 Ctna Why Not Yellow FormCtna Why Not Yellow Form $26.50
Max. Mem. Ben Berliner ‘Yellow Cape’ Blooming SizeMax. Mem. Ben Berliner ‘Yellow Cape’ Blooming Size $30.00 Dendrobium Jenkinsii Bloom sizeDendrobium Jenkinsii Bloom size $32.00
Euphorbia Canariensis SucculentEuphorbia Canariensis Succulent $18.00 Stenocereus griseus Phil McCracken Grafted CactusStenocereus griseus Phil McCracken Grafted Cactus $22.50
Euphorbia Fractiflexa SucculentEuphorbia Fractiflexa Succulent $9.75 Haworthia Hybrid succulent #3Haworthia Hybrid succulent #3 $15.00
Syngonium Albo VariegataSyngonium Albo Variegata $35.95 Dragon Fruit Cuttings - Multiple Varieties Bundle- 8' - 18': SizeDragon Fruit Cuttings - Multiple Varieties Bundle- 8' - 18': Size $40.00
Rus / Ukr Variegated African Violet Yan-Sultan - Starter PlantRus / Ukr Variegated African Violet Yan-Sultan - Starter Plant $10.00 Philodendron Paraiso Verde Well Rooted PlantPhilodendron Paraiso Verde Well Rooted Plant $152.50
Peniocereus stratus- Tuberous roots- Caudiciform interesting Not CommonPeniocereus stratus- Tuberous roots- Caudiciform interesting Not Common $14.75 Maihuenia poeppigii Cactus very rareMaihuenia poeppigii Cactus very rare $20.50
Ferocactus emoryi covillei Cactus Nice Spines clusterFerocactus emoryi covillei Cactus Nice Spines cluster $16.00 Microminiature African Violet Sk First Love - Starter PlantMicrominiature African Violet Sk First Love - Starter Plant $8.00
Cyphostemma Cirrhosa Caudex Caudiciform SucculentCyphostemma Cirrhosa Caudex Caudiciform Succulent $20.25 Variegated African Violet 'Rose Bouquet' - Starter PlantVariegated African Violet 'Rose Bouquet' - Starter Plant $12.00
Beautiful gasteria pilansii x gasteria ernesti rushiiBeautiful gasteria pilansii x gasteria ernesti rushii $25.00 Euphorbia Echinus SucculentEuphorbia Echinus Succulent $14.00
White Princess PhilodendronWhite Princess Philodendron $120.00 Philodendron Rio ‘Silver stripe’ cuttingPhilodendron Rio ‘Silver stripe’ cutting $40.00
Variegated Albo Syngonium Arrowhead Plant in 4" Pot Rare FindVariegated Albo Syngonium Arrowhead Plant in 4" Pot Rare Find $32.00 Parodia Magnifica - Ball Cactus 4.5"Parodia Magnifica - Ball Cactus 4.5" $10.00
Euphorbia Enopla cluster SucculentEuphorbia Enopla cluster Succulent $14.50 Phalaenopsis Phal. Pink Heart In Bloom Orchid PlantPhalaenopsis Phal. Pink Heart In Bloom Orchid Plant $4.50
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa Albo Borsigiana Node Cutting. Fully RootedVariegated Monstera Deliciosa Albo Borsigiana Node Cutting. Fully Rooted $145.00 Sinningia Hybrid Bullata Caudex Caudiciform - Bright Orange flowersSinningia Hybrid Bullata Caudex Caudiciform - Bright Orange flowers $19.50
Phyllostachys rubromarginata 'Red Margin'Phyllostachys rubromarginata 'Red Margin' $75.00 Cattleya trianae displinata 'Jungle Feather' Jc/AosCattleya trianae displinata 'Jungle Feather' Jc/Aos $51.00
Variegated Monstera Albo Borsigiana Type Fully Rooted And Growing!Variegated Monstera Albo Borsigiana Type Fully Rooted And Growing! $500.00 Monstera Adansonii Wide Form Huge LeavesMonstera Adansonii Wide Form Huge Leaves $9.00
Mammillaria Compressa - Mother Of Hundreds Cactus 4.5"Mammillaria Compressa - Mother Of Hundreds Cactus 4.5" $10.00 Cyrtorchis Chailluana Hanging Pot Blooming Size FragrantCyrtorchis Chailluana Hanging Pot Blooming Size Fragrant $26.50
Variegated Miniature African Violet 'Shirl's Hawaiian Lei' - Starter PlantVariegated Miniature African Violet 'Shirl's Hawaiian Lei' - Starter Plant $9.50 Mother of Thousands/ Kalanchoe Daigremontiana/Succulent/ Live Plant/Mexican HatMother of Thousands/ Kalanchoe Daigremontiana/Succulent/ Live Plant/Mexican Hat $4.99
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