Dutch windmill in WageningenHero's wind-powered organ (reconstruction)A fixed windmill typical of the Cyclades IslandsDiagram of the smock mill at Meopham, Kent which uses a fantail and Cubitt's patent sailsAn isometric drawing of the machinery of the Beebe Windmill. It was built in Bridgehampton, NY in 1820.
Discover great deals on the many hard to find and one of a kind items available only on eBay!

Windmills

A windmill is a machine that is powered by the energy of the wind. It is designed to convert the energy of the wind into more useful forms using rotating blades or sails. The term also refers to the structure it is commonly built on. more...

HomeHome
Bird & Wildlife AccessoriesBird & Wildlife Accessories
Garden DécorGarden Décor
Flags & FlagpolesFlags & Flagpoles
Garden StakesGarden Stakes
Gazing BallsGazing Balls
OtherOther
Plaques & SignsPlaques & Signs
Rain GaugesRain Gauges
Statues & Yard ArtStatues & Yard Art
Stepping Stones & RocksStepping Stones & Rocks
SundialsSundials
ThermometersThermometers
Water FeaturesWater Features
WeathervanesWeathervanes
Wind ChimesWind Chimes
WindmillsWindmills
Windsocks & DevasWindsocks & Devas
Garden Structures & FencingGarden Structures & Fencing
Gardening & PlantsGardening & Plants

In much of Europe, windmills served originally to grind grain, though later applications included pumping water and, more recently, generation of electricity.

History

A windmill operating an organ is described as early as the 1st century AD by Hero of Alexandria, marking probably the first instance of a wind powering machine in history. Vertical axle windmills were first used in eastern Persia (Sistan) by the 9th century AD as described by Muslim geographers. Horizontal axle windmills of the type generally used today were invented in Northwestern Europe in the 1180s.

Vertical axle windmills

The first windmills had long vertical shafts with rectangle shaped blades and appeared in Persia in the 9th century. The authenticity of an earlier anecdote of a windmill involving the second caliph Umar (634-644 AD) is questioned on the grounds of being a 10th century amendment. Made of six to twelve sails covered in reed matting or cloth material, these windmills were used to grind corn or draw up water, and quite different from the European versions. A similar type of vertical shaft windmill with rectangle blades, used for irrigation, can also be found in 13th century China (during the Jurchen Jin Dynasty in the north), introduced by the travels of Yelü Chucai to Turkestan in 1219.


Horizontal axle windmills

Fixed windmills, oriented to the prevailing wind were, for example, extensively used in the Cyclades islands of Greece. The economies of power and transport allowed the use of these 'offshore' mills for grinding grain transported from the mainland and flour returned. A 1/10th share of the flour was paid to the miller in return for his service. This type would mount triangular sails when in operation.

In North Western Europe, the horizontal-shaft or vertical windmill (so called due to the dimension of the movement of its blades) dates from the last quarter of the 12th century in the triangle of northern France, eastern England and Flanders. Joseph Needham states that the earliest known reference came in 1191 by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, who supposedly competed with the mills of the abbey of Bury St Edmunds. These earliest mills were used to grind cereals. The evidence at present is that the earliest type was the post mill, so named because of the large upright post on which the mill's main structure (the "body" or "buck") is balanced. By mounting the body this way, the mill is able to rotate to face the (variable) wind direction; an essential requirement for windmills to operate economically in North-Western Europe, where wind directions are various. By the end of the thirteenth century the masonry tower mill, on which only the timber cap rotated rather than the whole body of the mill, had been introduced. In the Netherlands these stone towerlike mills are called "round or eight-sided stone stage mills, ground-sailers (windmills with long blades/sails reaching almost down to the ground), mound mills, etc." (Dutch: ronde/achtkante stenen stelling molens, grond-zeilers, beltmolens, etc.). Dutch tower mills ("torenmolens") are always cylindrical (such as atop castle or city wall towers). Due to the fact that only the cap of the tower mill needed to be turned the main structure could be made much taller, allowing the blades to be made longer, which enabled them to provide useful work even in low winds. Windmills were often built atop castle towers or city walls, and were a unique part of a number of fortifications in New France, such as at Fort Senneville.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


[List your site here Free!]

In the Breeze Silver Sparkle Sprite 9in Wind Spinner, NewIn the Breeze Silver Sparkle Sprite 9in Wind Spinner, New $8.44 Garden Art Sculpture Bike Ride Man Wind Spinner Patio Yard Outdoor Decor GiftGarden Art Sculpture Bike Ride Man Wind Spinner Patio Yard Outdoor Decor Gift $39.88
In the Breeze Double Wheel Patriotic Sparkle Spinner with Wind Sail Wind SculptuIn the Breeze Double Wheel Patriotic Sparkle Spinner with Wind Sail Wind Sculptu $26.29 Wind Spinners For The Garden Outdoor Metal Yard Whimsical Wheel Decor Lawn StakeWind Spinners For The Garden Outdoor Metal Yard Whimsical Wheel Decor Lawn Stake $43.97
60" Canada Windsock With Clip - Canadian Flag 100 Nylon 15m 60 Long60" Canada Windsock With Clip - Canadian Flag 100 Nylon 15m 60 Long $11.29 List price: Previous Price $16.49 Gardman 8438 Hayward Wind Spinner Border Stake 63in Highx20 Wide, NewGardman 8438 Hayward Wind Spinner Border Stake 63in Highx20 Wide, New $50.40
WindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Owl Wind Sculpture, NewWindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Owl Wind Sculpture, New $33.74 Wind Spinner Animal Spiral Colorful Yard Garden Decor Outdoor WindmillWind Spinner Animal Spiral Colorful Yard Garden Decor Outdoor Windmill $2.59 to $2.75
Safety Flag 10in Windsock Hardware Wind Sculpture, NewSafety Flag 10in Windsock Hardware Wind Sculpture, New $48.13 Rainbow Wind Spinner Triple Wheel Yard Garden Wind Spinner Triple Wheel ColorfulRainbow Wind Spinner Triple Wheel Yard Garden Wind Spinner Triple Wheel Colorful $19.98
Echo Valley 4353W Illuminarie Leaf Dual-Motion Windwheel 15.75 by 5 by 45-InchEcho Valley 4353W Illuminarie Leaf Dual-Motion Windwheel 15.75 by 5 by 45-Inch $36.44 Trending at $37.99 In the Breeze Baby Bug Ladybug Wind Spinner - Silk Screened Details - FunIn the Breeze Baby Bug Ladybug Wind Spinner - Silk Screened Details - Fun $9.29
Horse and Buggy Suntex Premier Designs 36.5x18 inch Accent Wind Spinner Pd25663Horse and Buggy Suntex Premier Designs 36.5x18 inch Accent Wind Spinner Pd25663 $35.00 In the Breeze Patriot Diagonal Windsock, 40-InchIn the Breeze Patriot Diagonal Windsock, 40-Inch $16.58
Paint And Display Wind Spinners Dyi (2 Suncatchers -2 3D Spinners) Free ShippingPaint And Display Wind Spinners Dyi (2 Suncatchers -2 3D Spinners) Free Shipping $9.99 In the Breeze Triple Wheel Flower w/ Leaves G Stake Included Wind Spinner for yoIn the Breeze Triple Wheel Flower w/ Leaves G Stake Included Wind Spinner for yo $26.45
WindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Cardinal Wind Sculpture, NewWindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Cardinal Wind Sculpture, New $32.04 Gardman 8439 Brunswick Wind Spinner Border Stake 63in Highx20 Wide, NewGardman 8439 Brunswick Wind Spinner Border Stake 63in Highx20 Wide, New $48.94
Petite Spinner Chestnut Wind Sculpture, NewPetite Spinner Chestnut Wind Sculpture, New $22.79 Wind Spinner Yard Biplane Windmill Sunny Light Rural Rustic Style Garden DecorWind Spinner Yard Biplane Windmill Sunny Light Rural Rustic Style Garden Decor $113.90
Petite Spinner Dapple Grey Wind Spinner, NewPetite Spinner Dapple Grey Wind Spinner, New $22.79 Lcd Digital Portable Spot Wind Speed Meter Gauge Anemometer Measures and Ntc TemLcd Digital Portable Spot Wind Speed Meter Gauge Anemometer Measures and Ntc Tem $17.02 < 00006000 /li Buy It Now
In the Breeze Single Wheel Rainbow Sparkle Garden Spinner 8in Wind Spinner, NewIn the Breeze Single Wheel Rainbow Sparkle Garden Spinner 8in Wind Spinner, New $9.96 In the Breeze It's 5 O'Clock Parrot Windtail Sports & Outdoor Play, NewIn the Breeze It's 5 O'Clock Parrot Windtail Sports & Outdoor Play, New $23.49
In the Breeze Rainbow Orbiter Star 30in Wind Spinner, NewIn the Breeze Rainbow Orbiter Star 30in Wind Spinner, New $26.13 Heath Outdoor 25418 Nylon Wind Sock, 5-Inch by 36-Inch, New, Free ShippingHeath Outdoor 25418 Nylon Wind Sock, 5-Inch by 36-Inch, New, Free Shipping $27.53 List price: Previous Price $31.99
In the Breeze Finland Windsock 40in Sports & Outdoor Play, NewIn the Breeze Finland Windsock 40in Sports & Outdoor Play, New $25.25 Pinwheel Wind Spinner Triple Rainbow Garden Patio Lawn Backyard Outdoor Fun GiftPinwheel Wind Spinner Triple Rainbow Garden Patio Lawn Backyard Outdoor Fun Gift $16.33
Petite Spinner Black Horse Wind Spinner, NewPetite Spinner Black Horse Wind Spinner, New $28.54 Premier Kites & Designs Petite Spinner Pug Wind Sculpture, NewPremier Kites & Designs Petite Spinner Pug Wind Sculpture, New $22.56
Bits and Pieces - Pinwheel - Wind Spinner - Two-tone Airbrushed Metal with NewBits and Pieces - Pinwheel - Wind Spinner - Two-tone Airbrushed Metal with New $19.79 Premier Kites & Designs Petite Spinner Cow Wind Spinner, NewPremier Kites & Designs Petite Spinner Cow Wind Spinner, New $22.79
Petite Spinner Chihuahua Wind Spinner, NewPetite Spinner Chihuahua Wind Spinner, New $22.79 In the Breeze Double Wheel Rainbow Sparkle Spinner with Wind Sail Wind SculptureIn the Breeze Double Wheel Rainbow Sparkle Spinner with Wind Sail Wind Sculpture $26.29
In the Breeze Patriotic Sparkle Curly Wind Spinner Sports & Outdoor Play, NewIn the Breeze Patriotic Sparkle Curly Wind Spinner Sports & Outdoor Play, New $14.95 In the Breeze Rainbow Sparkle Curly Wind Spinner, NewIn the Breeze Rainbow Sparkle Curly Wind Spinner, New $22.98
In the Breeze Nic Spin Friend 3D Windsock Sports & Outdoor PlayIn the Breeze Nic Spin Friend 3D Windsock Sports & Outdoor Play $26.20 In the Breeze Silver Mylar Pinwheel - Sparkly Silver Spinners - Good Animal & -In the Breeze Silver Mylar Pinwheel - Sparkly Silver Spinners - Good Animal & - $22.82
In the Breeze Stars and Stripes 60 Inch Windsock - Embroidered Stars - DurableIn the Breeze Stars and Stripes 60 Inch Windsock - Embroidered Stars - Durable $18.39 17-Inch Copper Wind Spinner Outdoor Spiral Garden Yard Decor Glass Marble Accent17-Inch Copper Wind Spinner Outdoor Spiral Garden Yard Decor Glass Marble Accent $57.73
Wind Spinner - SunWind Spinner - Sun $5.00 In the Breeze Bunny Swinger Outdoor Hanging Decor Sports & Outdoor PlayIn the Breeze Bunny Swinger Outdoor Hanging Decor Sports & Outdoor Play $23.52 Trending at $24.79
WindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Blue Jay Wind Sculpture, NewWindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Blue Jay Wind Sculpture, New $32.03 40-inch American Flag Windsock (3.3 Feet). Stars and Stripes Windsocks - Inc.40-inch American Flag Windsock (3.3 Feet). Stars and Stripes Windsocks - Inc. $12.35
Spring Wind Spinner Set Of 3, NewSpring Wind Spinner Set Of 3, New $21.69 60" Union Jack Windsock With Clip - 100 Nylon 15m 60 Long Great Britain Team Gb60" Union Jack Windsock With Clip - 100 Nylon 15m 60 Long Great Britain Team Gb $11.29 List price: Previous Price $16.93
WindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Humming Bird Wind Sculpture, NewWindNsun WhirlyGig Outdoor Animated Decor Humming Bird Wind Sculpture, New $32.04 Wings®Rainbow 8-Petal with Wind Sail Directional Pinwheel Garden Spinner NewWings®Rainbow 8-Petal with Wind Sail Directional Pinwheel Garden Spinner New $20.49
Click to see more Windmills items at www.ebay.com
Prices current as of last update, 07/24/17 12:48am.

Home Contact Resources Exchange Links eBay