Dutch windmill in WageningenHero's wind-powered organ (reconstruction)A fixed windmill typical of the Cyclades IslandsDiagram of the smock mill at Meopham, Kent which uses a fantail and Cubitt's patent sailsAn isometric drawing of the machinery of the Beebe Windmill. It was built in Bridgehampton, NY in 1820.
Discover great deals on the many hard to find and one of a kind items available only on eBay!

Windmills

A windmill is a machine that is powered by the energy of the wind. It is designed to convert the energy of the wind into more useful forms using rotating blades or sails. The term also refers to the structure it is commonly built on. more...

HomeHome
Bird & Wildlife AccessoriesBird & Wildlife Accessories
Garden DécorGarden Décor
Flags & FlagpolesFlags & Flagpoles
Garden StakesGarden Stakes
Gazing BallsGazing Balls
OtherOther
Plaques & SignsPlaques & Signs
Rain GaugesRain Gauges
Statues & Yard ArtStatues & Yard Art
Stepping Stones & RocksStepping Stones & Rocks
SundialsSundials
ThermometersThermometers
Water FeaturesWater Features
WeathervanesWeathervanes
Wind ChimesWind Chimes
WindmillsWindmills
Windsocks & DevasWindsocks & Devas
Garden Structures & FencingGarden Structures & Fencing
Gardening & PlantsGardening & Plants

In much of Europe, windmills served originally to grind grain, though later applications included pumping water and, more recently, generation of electricity.

History

A windmill operating an organ is described as early as the 1st century AD by Hero of Alexandria, marking probably the first instance of a wind powering machine in history. Vertical axle windmills were first used in eastern Persia (Sistan) by the 9th century AD as described by Muslim geographers. Horizontal axle windmills of the type generally used today were invented in Northwestern Europe in the 1180s.

Vertical axle windmills

The first windmills had long vertical shafts with rectangle shaped blades and appeared in Persia in the 9th century. The authenticity of an earlier anecdote of a windmill involving the second caliph Umar (634-644 AD) is questioned on the grounds of being a 10th century amendment. Made of six to twelve sails covered in reed matting or cloth material, these windmills were used to grind corn or draw up water, and quite different from the European versions. A similar type of vertical shaft windmill with rectangle blades, used for irrigation, can also be found in 13th century China (during the Jurchen Jin Dynasty in the north), introduced by the travels of Yelü Chucai to Turkestan in 1219.


Horizontal axle windmills

Fixed windmills, oriented to the prevailing wind were, for example, extensively used in the Cyclades islands of Greece. The economies of power and transport allowed the use of these 'offshore' mills for grinding grain transported from the mainland and flour returned. A 1/10th share of the flour was paid to the miller in return for his service. This type would mount triangular sails when in operation.

In North Western Europe, the horizontal-shaft or vertical windmill (so called due to the dimension of the movement of its blades) dates from the last quarter of the 12th century in the triangle of northern France, eastern England and Flanders. Joseph Needham states that the earliest known reference came in 1191 by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, who supposedly competed with the mills of the abbey of Bury St Edmunds. These earliest mills were used to grind cereals. The evidence at present is that the earliest type was the post mill, so named because of the large upright post on which the mill's main structure (the "body" or "buck") is balanced. By mounting the body this way, the mill is able to rotate to face the (variable) wind direction; an essential requirement for windmills to operate economically in North-Western Europe, where wind directions are various. By the end of the thirteenth century the masonry tower mill, on which only the timber cap rotated rather than the whole body of the mill, had been introduced. In the Netherlands these stone towerlike mills are called "round or eight-sided stone stage mills, ground-sailers (windmills with long blades/sails reaching almost down to the ground), mound mills, etc." (Dutch: ronde/achtkante stenen stelling molens, grond-zeilers, beltmolens, etc.). Dutch tower mills ("torenmolens") are always cylindrical (such as atop castle or city wall towers). Due to the fact that only the cap of the tower mill needed to be turned the main structure could be made much taller, allowing the blades to be made longer, which enabled them to provide useful work even in low winds. Windmills were often built atop castle towers or city walls, and were a unique part of a number of fortifications in New France, such as at Fort Senneville.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


[List your site here Free!]

Metal Windmill Outdoor Sunflower Wind Spinners Wind Catchers Garden DecorationMetal Windmill Outdoor Sunflower Wind Spinners Wind Catchers Garden Decoration $19.99 Nostalgic Styling Windmill Outdoor Wind Catchers Garden Decoration Wind SpinnersNostalgic Styling Windmill Outdoor Wind Catchers Garden Decoration Wind Spinners $39.00
8ft Ornamental Decorative Garden Yard Windmill Weather Vane Green8ft Ornamental Decorative Garden Yard Windmill Weather Vane Green $69.90 Flower Garden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture For Garden Yard WindmillFlower Garden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture For Garden Yard Windmill $109.99
Garden Wind Spinner Outdoor Metal Wind Sculpture Spinner Kinetic WindmillGarden Wind Spinner Outdoor Metal Wind Sculpture Spinner Kinetic Windmill $22.99 8ft Ornamental Decorative Garden Windmill Weather Wind Vane-Galvanized w/ Tips8ft Ornamental Decorative Garden Windmill Weather Wind Vane-Galvanized w/ Tips $59.99
Unique Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal Magical Sculpture Spinner GardenUnique Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal Magical Sculpture Spinner Garden $19.98 to Magical Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal And Sculpture Spinner Garden UniqueMagical Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal And Sculpture Spinner Garden Unique $19.98 to
Spinning Windmill Welcome Garden Decoration Hanging Metal SignSpinning Windmill Welcome Garden Decoration Hanging Metal Sign $6.99 Unique And Magical Metal Windmill Outdoor Yard Garden Wind Spinner Wind CatcherUnique And Magical Metal Windmill Outdoor Yard Garden Wind Spinner Wind Catcher $18.99
Windmill Solar Light With Stake, Headwinds, Garden Spender 30" Tall W/ StakeWindmill Solar Light With Stake, Headwinds, Garden Spender 30" Tall W/ Stake $36.90 12" Rustic Country Primitive Amish Style Windmill Metal Garden Home Decor Statue12" Rustic Country Primitive Amish Style Windmill Metal Garden Home Decor Statue $24.95
8Ft Weather Resistant Yard Garden Lawn Windmill High Quality Steel Construction8Ft Weather Resistant Yard Garden Lawn Windmill High Quality Steel Construction $69.98 Mult-Color Garden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture,Garden Yard WindmillMult-Color Garden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture,Garden Yard Windmill $109.99
Double-Ball Wind Spinner & Windmill For Home Outdoor Patio,Lawn,Garden,PatioDouble-Ball Wind Spinner & Windmill For Home Outdoor Patio,Lawn,Garden,Patio $119.99 Dollhouse Fairy Garden Decorations Fall Harvest Set of 3 Scarecrows SunflowerDollhouse Fairy Garden Decorations Fall Harvest Set of 3 Scarecrows Sunflower $5.97
Unique And Magical Metal Windmill Outdoor Garden Home Wind Spinner Wind CatchersUnique And Magical Metal Windmill Outdoor Garden Home Wind Spinner Wind Catchers $20.89 Airplane Wind Spinners Metal Pinwheels Outdoor Aircraft Windmill Garden DecorAirplane Wind Spinners Metal Pinwheels Outdoor Aircraft Windmill Garden Decor $24.53
New Listing80" Metal Windmill Wind Kinetic Spinner Solar Led Light Garden Yard Patio DecorNew Listing80" Metal Windmill Wind Kinetic Spinner Solar Led Light Garden Yard Patio Decor $44.99 Large Metal Windmill Wind Kinetic Spinner Solar Garden Yard Decor Sculpture 75inLarge Metal Windmill Wind Kinetic Spinner Solar Garden Yard Decor Sculpture 75in $49.95
8Ft Ornamental Decor Garden Yard Decoration Metal Windmill Weather Vane Pinwheel8Ft Ornamental Decor Garden Yard Decoration Metal Windmill Weather Vane Pinwheel $72.29 to 3 pack Windmill Pinwheel Spinner Sunflower Outdoor Garden Flower Pot Decoration3 pack Windmill Pinwheel Spinner Sunflower Outdoor Garden Flower Pot Decoration $12.98
$56.50 New Bee Ladybug Garden Yard Outdoor Décor Windmills Wind Spinners DecorationNew Bee Ladybug Garden Yard Outdoor Décor Windmills Wind Spinners Decoration $4.99
Windmill 8Ft Yard Garden Metal Ornamental Wind Mill Weather Resistant DecorationWindmill 8Ft Yard Garden Metal Ornamental Wind Mill Weather Resistant Decoration $69.90 to Sunflower Patio Lawn Pinwheel Wind Spinner Garden Party Windmill for Garden YardSunflower Patio Lawn Pinwheel Wind Spinner Garden Party Windmill for Garden Yard $6.99 to
Classical Flower Wind Spinner,Large Metal Windmill,Outdoor Garden Wind SculptureClassical Flower Wind Spinner,Large Metal Windmill,Outdoor Garden Wind Sculpture $119.99 Garden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Windmill,Classical Patio Wind Sculpture 84 inchGarden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Windmill,Classical Patio Wind Sculpture 84 inch $109.99
8Ft Green Metal Windmill Yard Garden Decoration Weather Rust Resistant Wind Mill8Ft Green Metal Windmill Yard Garden Decoration Weather Rust Resistant Wind Mill $69.90 Garden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture & Windmill For Outdoor Home YardGarden Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture & Windmill For Outdoor Home Yard $109.99
8ft Outdoor Metal Windmill Yard Garden Decoration Wind Mill Color Red Us8ft Outdoor Metal Windmill Yard Garden Decoration Wind Mill Color Red Us $68.99 Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Magical Metal And Sculpture Unique Spinner GardenWind Powered Kinetic Windmill Magical Metal And Sculpture Unique Spinner Garden $21.92
Sunflower Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture,Garden Yard Windmill 84 inchSunflower Wind Spinner,Large Metal Wind Sculpture,Garden Yard Windmill 84 inch $109.99 Shark Wind Spinner Windmill 20" Long + Two Piece Metal Garden PoleShark Wind Spinner Windmill 20" Long + Two Piece Metal Garden Pole $39.99
Solar Led Metal Wind Spinner Outdoor Lawn Garden Decor Patio Stake Yard WindmillSolar Led Metal Wind Spinner Outdoor Lawn Garden Decor Patio Stake Yard Windmill $97.51 75in Solar Power Large Wind Spinner Kinetic Metal Windmill Outdoor Garden Yard75in Solar Power Large Wind Spinner Kinetic Metal Windmill Outdoor Garden Yard $48.89
83 Inch Metal Wind Spinners Kinetic Garden Windmill Outdoor Yard Lawn Decor Art83 Inch Metal Wind Spinners Kinetic Garden Windmill Outdoor Yard Lawn Decor Art $46.98 Fashion Unique and Magical Metal Windmill Garden Decor Outdoor Lawn Wind SpinnerFashion Unique and Magical Metal Windmill Garden Decor Outdoor Lawn Wind Spinner $23.99
Wind Kinetic Sculpture Spinner Butterfly Retro Metal Windmills with Garden StakeWind Kinetic Sculpture Spinner Butterfly Retro Metal Windmills with Garden Stake $19.79 8Ft Windmill Ornamental Decor Garden Weather Vane Metal Pinwheel Yard Decoration8Ft Windmill Ornamental Decor Garden Weather Vane Metal Pinwheel Yard Decoration $56.90
3D Metal Yellow Sunflower Wind Spinner Windmill Sculpture for Yard Outdoor New3D Metal Yellow Sunflower Wind Spinner Windmill Sculpture for Yard Outdoor New $17.88 Rocking Metal Bird Yard Stake Balancer Wind Spinner Whirly Gig Garden Art YardRocking Metal Bird Yard Stake Balancer Wind Spinner Whirly Gig Garden Art Yard $49.95
Vingli 8Ft Ornamental Windmill Backyard Garden Decoration Weather Vane-GreyVingli 8Ft Ornamental Windmill Backyard Garden Decoration Weather Vane-Grey $72.99 Bumble Bee Wind Spinner Windmill for Patio + Yard + Vegetable Garden for X-BirdBumble Bee Wind Spinner Windmill for Patio + Yard + Vegetable Garden for X-Bird $15.99
Metal Wind Garden Art Feathered Leaves Design 84" High Kinetic Windmill SpinnerMetal Wind Garden Art Feathered Leaves Design 84" High Kinetic Windmill Spinner $64.95 Magical Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal Sculpture Spinner Yard Garden UniqueMagical Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal Sculpture Spinner Yard Garden Unique $14.60
Magical Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal & Sculpture Spinner for Garden DecorMagical Wind Powered Kinetic Windmill Metal & Sculpture Spinner for Garden Decor $18.86 Metal Windmill Cosmic Dance Wind Spinner Yard Stake Garden Stake Yard ArtMetal Windmill Cosmic Dance Wind Spinner Yard Stake Garden Stake Yard Art $62.99
Patio Metal Windmill Garden Decoration Weather Rust Resistant Wind Spinners NewPatio Metal Windmill Garden Decoration Weather Rust Resistant Wind Spinners New $56.90
Click to see more Windmills items at www.ebay.com
Prices current as of last update, 08/29/22 3:44pm.

Home Contact Resources Exchange Links eBay