Iris of Costa Rica, Elevation 9000 ft.Iris pseudacorusRhizomes of ornamental irisesIrises in Cheshire in England, 22 May 2007A bearded iris cultivarIris germanica
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Bearded Iris

Iris is a genus of between 200-300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers which takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, referring to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. more...

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As well as being the scientific name, Iris is also very widely used as a common name and refers to all Iris species as well as some closely related genera. It is the state flower of Tennessee.

Description

The genus is widely distributed throughout the north temperate zone. Their habitats are considerably varied, ranging from cold regions into the grassy slopes, meadowlands, stream banks of Europe, the Middle East and northern Africa, Asia and across North America.

They are perennial herbs, growing from creeping rhizomes (rhizomatous irises), or, in drier climates, from bulbs (bulbous irises). They have long, erect, flowering stems, which may be simple or branched, solid or hollow, and flattened or have a circular cross-section. The rhizomatous species usually have 3-10 basal, sword-shaped leaves growing in dense clumps. The bulbous species have cylindrical basal leaves.

The inflorescences are fan-shaped and contain one or more symmetrical, six-lobed flowers. These grow on a pedicel or lack a footstalk. The three sepals, which are spreading or droop downwards, are referred to as falls. They expand from their narrow base into a broader limb (= expanded portion), often adorned with veining, lines or dots. The three, sometimes reduced, petals stand upright, partly behind the sepal bases. They are called standards. Some smaller iris species have all six lobes pointing straight outwards. The sepals and the petals differ from each other. They are united at their base into a floral tube that lies above the ovary. The styles divide towards the apex into petaloid branches (see pollination, below).

The iris flower is of special interest as an example of the relation between flowering plants and pollinating insects. The shape of the flower and the position of the pollen-receiving and stigmatic surfaces on the outer petals form a landing-stage for a flying insect, which in probing the perianth for nectar, will first come in contact of perianth, three with the stigmatic stamens in one whorl surface which is borne and an ovary formed of three carpels. The shelf-like transverse projection on the inner whorl under side of the stamens, which is beneath the over-arching style arm below the stigma, so that the insect comes in contact with its pollen-covered surface only after passing the stigma, while in backing out of the flower it will come in contact only with the non-receptive lower face of the stigma. Thus, an insect bearing pollen from one flower, will in entering a second, deposit the pollen on the stigma, while in backing out of a flower, the pollen which it bears will not be rubbed off on the stigma of the same flower.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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1 Tall Bearded Iris "Again And Again"- Fragrant & Reblooming-Lg. Rhizomes, sz #11 Tall Bearded Iris "Again And Again"- Fragrant & Reblooming-Lg. Rhizomes, sz #1 $9.75 A Beautiful Pink Over Maroon Tall Bearded Iris Rhizome/Beautiful FlowersA Beautiful Pink Over Maroon Tall Bearded Iris Rhizome/Beautiful Flowers $8.50
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1 Hot Pink Bearded Irises rhizomes iris bulbs, flowering bulb plants1 Hot Pink Bearded Irises rhizomes iris bulbs, flowering bulb plants $8.00 Tall Bearded Iris Bright Yellow 1 Plant Bare Root Rhizome Perennial Large FlowerTall Bearded Iris Bright Yellow 1 Plant Bare Root Rhizome Perennial Large Flower $9.99
Dark Red Maroon Wine and Champagne Tall Bearded Iris 1 plantDark Red Maroon Wine and Champagne Tall Bearded Iris 1 plant $4.50 1 Tall Bearded Iris "Sumbuca Rose" - Large Rhizome, size #1 - Shipping Now!1 Tall Bearded Iris "Sumbuca Rose" - Large Rhizome, size #1 - Shipping Now! $8.25
Tall Indian Chief Bearded Iris Rhizome Flower BulbTall Indian Chief Bearded Iris Rhizome Flower Bulb $4.99 Tall bearded Iris rhizome Naples flowering bulb - T.JohnsonTall bearded Iris rhizome Naples flowering bulb - T.Johnson $8.25
Alcazar (Vilmorin 1910) Historic Tall Bearded (Tb) Iris - 1 RhizomeAlcazar (Vilmorin 1910) Historic Tall Bearded (Tb) Iris - 1 Rhizome $5.15 Cache of Gold Dwarf German Bearded Iris - Fragrant - #1 Size RootCache of Gold Dwarf German Bearded Iris - Fragrant - #1 Size Root $7.99
White Tall Bearded Iris Angel Kiss Yellow Throat Tall 2 Plant Now For SpringWhite Tall Bearded Iris Angel Kiss Yellow Throat Tall 2 Plant Now For Spring $4.99 Dark Purple Tall Bearded Iris 1 plantDark Purple Tall Bearded Iris 1 plant $4.50
1 Tall Bearded Iris "Rosalie Figge"- Fragrant and Reblooming- Lg. Rhiz., size #11 Tall Bearded Iris "Rosalie Figge"- Fragrant and Reblooming- Lg. Rhiz., size #1 $9.75 2 Beautiful Tall Bearded Magenta Plicata Iris Rhizomes2 Beautiful Tall Bearded Magenta Plicata Iris Rhizomes $10.00
Iris tuber Piccadilly Circus flowering bulb Tall bearded Iris rhizomeIris tuber Piccadilly Circus flowering bulb Tall bearded Iris rhizome $9.75 1 Tall Bearded Iris "Batik" - Fragrant - Large Rhizome, size #1 -Shipping Now1 Tall Bearded Iris "Batik" - Fragrant - Large Rhizome, size #1 -Shipping Now $8.25
Large Dark Yellow Tall Bearded Iris 1 plantLarge Dark Yellow Tall Bearded Iris 1 plant $4.00 Jurassic Park Bearded German Iris - Rebloomer - Top Size RootJurassic Park Bearded German Iris - Rebloomer - Top Size Root $6.99
Rare Edition (Gatty 1980) Historic Intermediate Bearded (Ib) Iris - 1 RhizomeRare Edition (Gatty 1980) Historic Intermediate Bearded (Ib) Iris - 1 Rhizome $5.15 Dark Purple and Li
00004000
ght Purple White Tall Bearded Iris 1 plantDark Purple and Li 00004000 ght Purple White Tall Bearded Iris 1 plant $4.00
Five ! Dark Purple bearded Iris! Plant Now For Spring Blooms!Five ! Dark Purple bearded Iris! Plant Now For Spring Blooms! $4.99 Lot 5 Fresh Sprouted Mixed Bearded Iris Rhizome BulbsLot 5 Fresh Sprouted Mixed Bearded Iris Rhizome Bulbs $12.00
Light Purple and White Tall Bearded Iris 1 plantLight Purple and White Tall Bearded Iris 1 plant $3.50 Iris tuber Pink Boogie flowering bulb Tall bearded Iris rhizomeIris tuber Pink Boogie flowering bulb Tall bearded Iris rhizome $8.50
1 Tall Bearded Iris "Orange Harvest"-Fragrant and Reblooming -Lg. Rhiz., size #11 Tall Bearded Iris "Orange Harvest"-Fragrant and Reblooming -Lg. Rhiz., size #1 $9.75 Jive Dwarf German Bearded Iris - #1 Size RootJive Dwarf German Bearded Iris - #1 Size Root $6.99
1 Tall Bearded Iris "Pure As Gold" -Reblooming -Large Rhizome, size #11 Tall Bearded Iris "Pure As Gold" -Reblooming -Large Rhizome, size #1 $9.75 Tall Bearded Iris CollectionTall Bearded Iris Collection $20.00
Dwarf Old Fashioned Dark Purple Bearded Iris 1 plantDwarf Old Fashioned Dark Purple Bearded Iris 1 plant $3.50 1 White Big Hybrid Bearded Irises, rhizomes, iris bulbs, flowering bulb plants1 White Big Hybrid Bearded Irises, rhizomes, iris bulbs, flowering bulb plants $8.00
Tall bearded Iris rhizome New Perspective flowering bulbTall bearded Iris rhizome New Perspective flowering bulb $8.25 Small Pale Peach Pink Tall Bearded Iris 1 plantSmall Pale Peach Pink Tall Bearded Iris 1 plant $4.50
Iris tuber Pleasure State flowering bulb Tall bearded Iris rhizomeIris tuber Pleasure State flowering bulb Tall bearded Iris rhizome $8.50
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Prices current as of last update, 01/16/18 8:08am.

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