Red Valerian, a perennial plant.
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Perennials

A perennial plant or perennial (Latin per, "through", annus, "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. more...

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When used as a noun, this term applies specifically to herbaceous plants, even though woody plants like shrubs and trees are also perennial in their habit.

Perennials, especially small flowering plants, grow and bloom over the spring and summer and then die back every autumn and winter, then return in the spring from their root-stock rather than seeding themselves as an annual plant does. These are known as herbaceous perennials. However, depending on the rigors of local climate, a plant that is a perennial in its native habitat, or in a milder garden, may be treated by a gardener as an annual and planted out every year, from seed, from cuttings or from divisions.

Perennial plants can be short-lived (only a few years) or they can be long-lived, as some woody plants, such as trees, have been living for over 3,000 years. They can vary in size from only a few millimeters to over 100 meters tall. They include a wide assortment of plant groups from ferns and liverworts to the highly diverse flowering plants like Orchids and Grasses.

Perennials that flower and fruit only once and then die are termed monocarpic or semelparous. However, most perennials are polycarpic, flowering over many seasons in their lifetime.

Perennials typically grow structures that allow them to adapt to living from one year to the next. These structures include bulbs, tubers, woody crowns, rhizomes plus others. They might have specialized stems or crowns that allow them to survive periods of dormancy over cold or dry seasons during the year. Annuals produce seeds to continue the species as a new generation while the growing season is suitable, and the seeds survive over the cold or dry period to begin growth when the conditions are again suitable. Many perennials, in contrast, have specialized to survive under extreme environmental conditions: some have adapted to survive hot dry conditions, or to survive under cold temperatures. Those plants tend to invest a lot of resource into their adaptations and often do not flower and set seed until after a few years of growth. Many perennials produce relatively large seeds, which can have an advantage, with larger seedlings produced after germination that can better compete with other plants or more quickly develop leaves for photosynthesis. Annuals tend to produce many more seeds per plant since they will die at the end of the growing season, while perennials are not under the same pressure to produce large numbers of seeds but can produce seeds over many years.

In warmer and more clement climates, perennials grow continuously. In seasonal climates, their growth is limited to the growing season. For example, in temperate regions a perennial plant may grow and bloom during the warm part of the year, with the foliage dying back in the winter. These plants are deciduous perennials. Regrowth is from existing stem tissue. In many parts of the world, seasonality is expressed as wet and dry periods rather than warm and cold periods. In some species, perennials retain their foliage all year round; these are evergreen perennials.

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Honeymoon French Kiss Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade - Gallon PotHoneymoon French Kiss Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade - Gallon Pot $24.99 Heuchera m. Palace PurpleHeuchera m. Palace Purple $7.56
3 - Bulbine frutescens 1 Quart Plants Size 4" x 5" Roots with 10" Foliage.3 - Bulbine frutescens 1 Quart Plants Size 4" x 5" Roots with 10" Foliage. $11.95 Heuchera Bells 4 Plants One Of EachHeuchera Bells 4 Plants One Of Each $30.00
Confetti Cake™ Wedding Bells Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus - Gallon PotConfetti Cake™ Wedding Bells Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus - Gallon Pot $24.99 Syringa 'Donald Wyman'- Korean Lilac- Fragrant - Plant -Approx 5-9 Inch DormantSyringa 'Donald Wyman'- Korean Lilac- Fragrant - Plant -Approx 5-9 Inch Dormant $5.95
Leucanthemum Shasta Daisy - Real Charmer - 1 Live Plant - Quar
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T PotLeucanthemum Shasta Daisy - Real Charmer - 1 Live Plant - Quar 00004000 T Pot $19.99 Ruby Stella Ppaf Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free ShippingRuby Stella Ppaf Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free Shipping $377.00
10 Cuttings Edible Crawling Sunflower Helianthus debilis & A+ Livestock Fodder10 Cuttings Edible Crawling Sunflower Helianthus debilis & A+ Livestock Fodder $18.99 Foxglove Beardtounge (Penstemon digitalis) Plug/SeedlingFoxglove Beardtounge (Penstemon digitalis) Plug/Seedling $4.59
Patriot Hosta - Sold for $875 in 1992/Hosta of the Year 1997 - Quart PotPatriot Hosta - Sold for $875 in 1992/Hosta of the Year 1997 - Quart Pot $7.99 Very Yellow Double Daylily With Skirt On Petals 13 Fresh Seeds!Very Yellow Double Daylily With Skirt On Petals 13 Fresh Seeds! $15.00
Hemerocallis Daylily Stella de OroHemerocallis Daylily Stella de Oro $4.25 Aloe Plant 5"-7" long, Shipped No Charge-Outdoor tolerant- First aid -Aloe Plant 5"-7" long, Shipped No Charge-Outdoor tolerant- First aid - $5.99
Viburnum Plicatum 'Shasta' - Doublefile Viburnum - Starter Plant - DormantViburnum Plicatum 'Shasta' - Doublefile Viburnum - Starter Plant - Dormant $5.35 Wedding Party™ True Love Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus - Gallon PotWedding Party™ True Love Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus - Gallon Pot $24.99
Polianthes tuberosa Pink Sapphire Quart Plant Free ShipPolianthes tuberosa Pink Sapphire Quart Plant Free Ship $24.99 Rhododendron 'Lost Tag' - Miscellaneous'- Starter Plant - DormantRhododendron 'Lost Tag' - Miscellaneous'- Starter Plant - Dormant $2.45
Hardy Gloxinia - Bolivian Sunset - 1 Plant - 4" pot sizeHardy Gloxinia - Bolivian Sunset - 1 Plant - 4" pot size $16.99 Cocoplum Red Tip Salt Tolerant Tropical Hedge Plant Shrub Fruit Florida NativeCocoplum Red Tip Salt Tolerant Tropical Hedge Plant Shrub Fruit Florida Native $20.99
Rock Star Iris Plant 4" Pot | Red Orange Repeat Blooms Per
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ennial Easy To GrowRock Star Iris Plant 4" Pot | Red Orange Repeat Blooms Per 00004000 ennial Easy To Grow $16.59 Was:  Previous Price $19.99 Diy Hanging Basket Plants Buttercup Sedum Lamium Umbrella Sedge grass +3 FreebieDiy Hanging Basket Plants Buttercup Sedum Lamium Umbrella Sedge grass +3 Freebie $8.99
Azalea 'Mandarin Lights' - Fragrant- Plant - Approx 7-10 Inch DormantAzalea 'Mandarin Lights' - Fragrant- Plant - Approx 7-10 Inch Dormant $3.95 Syringa 'Declaration'- Lilac - Fragrant - Plant - Approx 9-12 Inch - DormantSyringa 'Declaration'- Lilac - Fragrant - Plant - Approx 9-12 Inch - Dormant $5.95
Rose of JerichoRose of Jericho $7.77 Asclepias Incarnata Pink Milkweed Cinderella Monarch Host Perennial Gift with 5Asclepias Incarnata Pink Milkweed Cinderella Monarch Host Perennial Gift with 5 $14.99
Siberian Iris PlantsSiberian Iris Plants $2.25 Rubus - Boysenberry - Edibles - 2 Plants - 3" PotRubus - Boysenberry - Edibles - 2 Plants - 3" Pot $9.99
Violet Obliqua Plant Red Giant Rose Red Flowers Viola Perennial Shade WoodlandViolet Obliqua Plant Red Giant Rose Red Flowers Viola Perennial Shade Woodland $6.50 Live Yarrow aka Achillea millefolium 'Paprika' Perennial Plant Fit 1 Gallon PotLive Yarrow aka Achillea millefolium 'Paprika' Perennial Plant Fit 1 Gallon Pot $6.99
8 Artemesia Root Divisions = Valerie Finnis: Very Nice Grower, Floral Filler8 Artemesia Root Divisions = Valerie Finnis: Very Nice Grower, Floral Filler $8.00 Gooch Sedum PlantsGooch Sedum Plants $2.95
Purple Smoke False Indigo Perennial - Baptisia austr
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alis - Quart PotPurple Smoke False Indigo Perennial - Baptisia austr 00004000 alis - Quart Pot $6.99 Emerald Blue Phlox Perennial - Potted - Live Plant - Quart PotEmerald Blue Phlox Perennial - Potted - Live Plant - Quart Pot $6.99
Honeymoon Paris in Pink Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade - Gallon PotHoneymoon Paris in Pink Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade - Gallon Pot $24.99 Syringa 'Katherine Havemeyer' - Lilac - Fragrant - Starter Plant - DormantSyringa 'Katherine Havemeyer' - Lilac - Fragrant - Starter Plant - Dormant $5.65
Blue/Violet Siberian Iris Live Rhizomes Plants a 3-5 Root ClumpBlue/Violet Siberian Iris Live Rhizomes Plants a 3-5 Root Clump $10.99 Hosta JuneHosta June $10.17
Hydrangea Paniculata 'Paszam-Passionate&# 039; - Plant - 3 1/2 Inch Pot-DormantHydrangea Paniculata 'Paszam-Passionate&# 039; - Plant - 3 1/2 Inch Pot-Dormant $8.95 Hosta Rainforest SunriseHosta Rainforest Sunrise $11.07
Daylily Love In The Library Pink Hemerocallis Perennial ~ Df or 2 PlantsDaylily Love In The Library Pink Hemerocallis Perennial ~ Df or 2 Plants $12.95 Stella d Oro Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free ShippingStella d Oro Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free Shipping $217.00
Wedding Party™ Maid of Honor Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus - Gallon PotWedding Party™ Maid of Honor Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus - Gallon Pot $24.99 Asclepias - Curassavica - 6 Small Starter PlantsAsclepias - Curassavica - 6 Small Starter Plants $8.99
Evergreen Mahonia Shrub Garden Patio Tropical Fragrant Yellow Flower Easy GrowEvergreen Mahonia Shrub Garden Patio Tropical Fragrant Yellow Flower Easy Grow $24.59 Nashville Star Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free ShippingNashville Star Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free Shipping $292.00
Southern Living Gardinia Jubilation (landscape, bush, white flowers, fragrant)Southern Living Gardinia Jubilation (landscape, bush, white flowers, fragrant) $38.95 to $68.95 Azalea - Dogwood - Orange/Red/White - 6 Plants - 2" Pot - Rhododendron ZAzalea - Dogwood - Orange/Red/White - 6 Plants - 2" Pot - Rhododendron Z $29.99
White Siberian Iris Swirl (2 bare roots)White Siberian Iris Swirl (2 bare roots) $8.99 Viburnum Dilatatum 'Asian Beauty'- Starter Plant - DormantViburnum Dilatatum 'Asian Beauty'- Starter Plant - Dormant $4.95
hosta Guacamole large fragrant big award winner 3" pot = 1 Live Potted Planthosta Guacamole large fragrant big award winner 3" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $12.99 Azalea 'Tangerine Delight'' - Fragrant- Plant - Approx 4-6 Inch -DormantAzalea 'Tangerine Delight'' - Fragrant- Plant - Approx 4-6 Inch -Dormant $4.65
Viburnum Opulus 'Notcutt'- Starter Plant - Approx 6 Inch - DormantViburnum Opulus 'Notcutt'- Starter Plant - Approx 6 Inch - Dormant $4.95 sun Gold Nugget new orange sempervivum hen chicks 2" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantsun Gold Nugget new orange sempervivum hen chicks 2" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $11.99
Praying Hands Hosta - New! - Unique! - Live Plant - Quart PotPraying Hands Hosta - New! - Unique! - Live Plant - Quart Pot $7.99 Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus Virginiana 4.5" Quart Pot PlantEastern Red Cedar Juniperus Virginiana 4.5" Quart Pot Plant $10.99
Viburnum Sieboldii - Starter Plant - Approx 7-10 Inch - DormantViburnum Sieboldii - Starter Plant - Approx 7-10 Inch - Dormant $4.95 Agapanthus - Lily Of The Nile - Blue - 2 Live Plants - 3" PotAgapanthus - Lily Of The Nile - Blue - 2 Live Plants - 3" Pot $8.99
Syringa 'Primrose'- Lilac - Fragrant - Plant - Approx 5-8 Inch - DormantSyringa 'Primrose'- Lilac - Fragrant - Plant - Approx 5-8 Inch - Dormant $5.95 Spirit of Memphis Iris Plant 4" Pot | Big Yellow Flowers Repeat Blooms PerennialSpirit of Memphis Iris Plant 4" Pot | Big Yellow Flowers Repeat Blooms Perennial $16.59 Was:  Previous Price $19.99
Yacon ground apple Smallanthus sonchifolius Live Rooted Starter PlantYacon ground apple Smallanthus sonchifolius Live Rooted Starter Plant $15.00 to $28.00 Watercolors Home Run® Rose Bush - Disease Resistant - BarerootWatercolors Home Run® Rose Bush - Disease Resistant - Bareroot $19.99
Kwanso Double Orange Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free ShippingKwanso Double Orange Daylily 100 Bare Root Plants Free Shipping $267.00 Plant Button Fern Live Houseplant Pellaea Rotundifolia Easy to Grow 4" PotPlant Button Fern Live Houseplant Pellaea Rotundifolia Easy to Grow 4" Pot $17.95
heuchera Black Taffeta ruffled wavy coral bells 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantheuchera Black Taffeta ruffled wavy coral bells 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $12.99 Astilbe 'Montgomery'. Perennial. PlantAstilbe 'Montgomery'. Perennial. Plant $10.00
50 Seascape Everbearing Strawberry Plants(Pack of 50)Super Sweet, Zone 4-950 Seascape Everbearing Strawberry Plants(Pack of 50)Super Sweet, Zone 4-9 $22.95 Astilbe 'August Light'. Perennial. PlantAstilbe 'August Light'. Perennial. Plant $10.00
Honeymoon Rome in Red Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade - Gallon PotHoneymoon Rome in Red Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade - Gallon Pot $24.99 Coreopsis Uptick Gold & Bronze Perennial 5" x 5" x 7" Root Size w/ 12" FoliageCoreopsis Uptick Gold & Bronze Perennial 5" x 5" x 7" Root Size w/ 12" Foliage $27.50
2 Green Euonymus Fortunei f. Emerald Gaiety Wintercreeper Shrub 2.5" Pot Plant2 Green Euonymus Fortunei f. Emerald Gaiety Wintercreeper Shrub 2.5" Pot Plant $6.82 Plant~Viola triloba~4" PotPlant~Viola triloba~4" Pot $8.00
Butterfly Weed Milkweed Plant (Asclepias tuberosa) : Monarch Host PlantButterfly Weed Milkweed Plant (Asclepias tuberosa) : Monarch Host Plant $19.99 Wedding Party™ Blushing Bridesmaid Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus-Gallon PotWedding Party™ Blushing Bridesmaid Christmas/Lenten Rose - Helleborus-Gallon Pot $24.99
Phlox Subulata 'Emerald Blue' - Starter PlantPhlox Subulata 'Emerald Blue' - Starter Plant $3.95 Visions in Red Astilbe - Shade Perennial - Live Plant -Quart PotVisions in Red Astilbe - Shade Perennial - Live Plant -Quart Pot $7.99
1000 Stella De Oro Daylily d'oro de'oro daylilies re bloomers drought tolerant1000 Stella De Oro Daylily d'oro de'oro daylilies re bloomers drought tolerant $699.99 Viburnum Setigerum - Tea Viburnum - Plant - Approx 4 Inch- DormantViburnum Setigerum - Tea Viburnum - Plant - Approx 4 Inch- Dormant $4.95
Hibiscus - Snow Queen - 1 Plant - 4" Pot - Starter PlantHibiscus - Snow Queen - 1 Plant - 4" Pot - Starter Plant $8.99 Hosta Earth AngelHosta Earth Angel $10.47
Syringa 'Agincourt Beauty '- Lilac - Fragrant- Plant - Approx 6-10 Inch- DormantSyringa 'Agincourt Beauty '- Lilac - Fragrant- Plant - Approx 6-10 Inch- Dormant $5.95 Syringa 'Fiala Remembrance'-Lilac-F ragrant- Starter Plant - DormantSyringa 'Fiala Remembrance'-Lilac-F ragrant- Starter Plant - Dormant $5.45
12 bulbs - Giant Amazon Lily Crinum Lily fragrant white flowers seeds12 bulbs - Giant Amazon Lily Crinum Lily fragrant white flowers seeds $8.99 Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) : Monarch Host PlantCommon Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) : Monarch Host Plant $19.99
Viburnum Lantana - Wayfaring Tree - Starter Plant - DormantViburnum Lantana - Wayfaring Tree - Starter Plant - Dormant $6.95 50 Wholesale Kwanso Daylily Plants Double Orange Hemerocallis Lot50 Wholesale Kwanso Daylily Plants Double Orange Hemerocallis Lot $98.99
6 Plant Lot Large Adult Red Yucca One Year Old 12" Tall Xeriscape Desert6 Plant Lot Large Adult Red Yucca One Year Old 12" Tall Xeriscape Desert $47.00 Blue Mouse Ears Hosta - 2008 Hosta of the Year - Dwarf - Quart PotBlue Mouse Ears Hosta - 2008 Hosta of the Year - Dwarf - Quart Pot $7.99
No Count Blue Iris Plant 4" Pot | Pure Blue Flowers Repeat Blooms PerennialNo Count Blue Iris Plant 4" Pot | Pure Blue Flowers Repeat Blooms Perennial $16.59 Was:  Previous Price $19.99 Rhododendron 'Mardi Gras' - Starter Plant - Approx 3-4 Inch - DormantRhododendron 'Mardi Gras' - Starter Plant - Approx 3-4 Inch - Dormant $5.95
Social Grace Iris Plant 4" Pot | Fragrant Pink Blooms Perennial Easy To GrowSocial Grace Iris Plant 4" Pot | Fragrant Pink Blooms Perennial Easy To Grow $16.59 Was:  Previous Price $19.99 Blue Spider Wort Plants (5)Blue Spider Wort Plants (5) $7.00
Pieris Japonica 'Katsura' - Starter PlantPieris Japonica 'Katsura' - Starter Plant $3.95 Viburnum Burejaeticum - Manchurian Viburnum - Plant - Approx 8-12 Inch - DormantViburnum Burejaeticum - Manchurian Viburnum - Plant - Approx 8-12 Inch - Dormant $4.95
Rhododendron 'Unique' - Starter Plant - Approx 4-6 Inch - DormantRhododendron 'Unique' - Starter Plant - Approx 4-6 Inch - Dormant $5.65 5 Heuchera 'Fire Alarm' with intensely red foliage - Common Name Coral Bells5 Heuchera 'Fire Alarm' with intensely red foliage - Common Name Coral Bells $39.70
St. John's Wort Hypericum 25 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free ShippingSt. John's Wort Hypericum 25 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free Shipping $131.75 Dragon Wing Begonia - Torch Red - 1 Live Plant - 4" PotDragon Wing Begonia - Torch Red - 1 Live Plant - 4" Pot $16.99
Live Passion Flower Plant aka Passiflora edulis Tropical Plant Fit 1 Gallon PotLive Passion Flower Plant aka Passiflora edulis Tropical Plant Fit 1 Gallon Pot $9.99 hosta Martini small thick several eyes disease-free 3" pot = 1 Live Potted Planthosta Martini small thick several eyes disease-free 3" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $19.99
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Prices current as of last update, 02/17/20 1:44pm.

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