Red Valerian, a perennial plant.
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Perennials

A perennial plant or perennial (Latin per, "through", annus, "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. more...

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When used as a noun, this term applies specifically to herbaceous plants, even though woody plants like shrubs and trees are also perennial in their habit.

Perennials, especially small flowering plants, grow and bloom over the spring and summer and then die back every autumn and winter, then return in the spring from their root-stock rather than seeding themselves as an annual plant does. These are known as herbaceous perennials. However, depending on the rigors of local climate, a plant that is a perennial in its native habitat, or in a milder garden, may be treated by a gardener as an annual and planted out every year, from seed, from cuttings or from divisions.

Perennial plants can be short-lived (only a few years) or they can be long-lived, as some woody plants, such as trees, have been living for over 3,000 years. They can vary in size from only a few millimeters to over 100 meters tall. They include a wide assortment of plant groups from ferns and liverworts to the highly diverse flowering plants like Orchids and Grasses.

Perennials that flower and fruit only once and then die are termed monocarpic or semelparous. However, most perennials are polycarpic, flowering over many seasons in their lifetime.

Perennials typically grow structures that allow them to adapt to living from one year to the next. These structures include bulbs, tubers, woody crowns, rhizomes plus others. They might have specialized stems or crowns that allow them to survive periods of dormancy over cold or dry seasons during the year. Annuals produce seeds to continue the species as a new generation while the growing season is suitable, and the seeds survive over the cold or dry period to begin growth when the conditions are again suitable. Many perennials, in contrast, have specialized to survive under extreme environmental conditions: some have adapted to survive hot dry conditions, or to survive under cold temperatures. Those plants tend to invest a lot of resource into their adaptations and often do not flower and set seed until after a few years of growth. Many perennials produce relatively large seeds, which can have an advantage, with larger seedlings produced after germination that can better compete with other plants or more quickly develop leaves for photosynthesis. Annuals tend to produce many more seeds per plant since they will die at the end of the growing season, while perennials are not under the same pressure to produce large numbers of seeds but can produce seeds over many years.

In warmer and more clement climates, perennials grow continuously. In seasonal climates, their growth is limited to the growing season. For example, in temperate regions a perennial plant may grow and bloom during the warm part of the year, with the foliage dying back in the winter. These plants are deciduous perennials. Regrowth is from existing stem tissue. In many parts of the world, seasonality is expressed as wet and dry periods rather than warm and cold periods. In some species, perennials retain their foliage all year round; these are evergreen perennials.

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Syringa 'Mt
00004000
 Baker'' - Lilac - Fragrant - Starter Plant - DormantSyringa 'Mt 00004000 Baker'' - Lilac - Fragrant - Starter Plant - Dormant $5.35 50 Vinca minor, Periwinkle fully rooted plants, Evergreen, Very winter hardy50 Vinca minor, Periwinkle fully rooted plants, Evergreen, Very winter hardy $49.99
Daylily Plant Second Fiddle Rebloom Perennial Df Hensley-D. Red Wine FlowerDaylily Plant Second Fiddle Rebloom Perennial Df Hensley-D. Red Wine Flower $19.99 Bougainvillea - 'Rosenka'Bougainvillea - 'Rosenka' $6.29
2 Tropical Joann Hibiscus Well Rooted Live Starter Plant 5" To 7" Tall2 Tropical Joann Hibiscus Well Rooted Live Starter Plant 5" To 7" Tall $5.99 Sunset Flower Milkweed (Asclepias Currassavica) 40 Medicinal Herb SeedsSunset Flower Milkweed (Asclepias Currassavica) 40 Medicinal Herb Seeds $7.95
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Daylily Plant Ever So Tweet Rebloom Perennial Hensley-D. Cream Lavender FlowerDaylily Plant Ever So Tweet Rebloom Perennial Hensley-D. Cream Lavender Flower $29.99 Corkscrew Willow - Weeping, twisting branches. #2 tree, 3-4' tall. Bare root.Corkscrew Willow - Weeping, twisting branches. #2 tree, 3-4' tall. Bare root. $19.97
2 Painted Lady Hibiscus Well Rooted Live Starter Plant 5 To 7" Tall2 Painted Lady Hibiscus Well Rooted Live Starter Plant 5 To 7" Tall $5.99 Drip Irrigation System Kit Irrigator Plant Watering Container Mini Sprinkler NewDrip Irrigation System Kit Irrigator Plant Watering Container Mini Sprinkler New $51.19
heuchera Magnum huge leaves villosa coral bells 3" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantheuchera Magnum huge leaves villosa coral bells 3" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $13.99 Orange Zest Peel Jasmine Jessamine Tropical Cestrum Plant Fragrant Orange FlowerOrange Zest Peel Jasmine Jessamine Tropical Cestrum Plant Fragrant Orange Flower $11.50
50 Plants Miniature Stonecrop Sedum Requieni Ground Cover - Bare Root50 Plants Miniature Stonecrop Sedum Requieni Ground Cover - Bare Root $15.95 Hibiscus Schizopetalus Japanese Lantern Fringed Rose mallow Plant pottedHibiscus Schizopetalus Japanese Lantern Fringed Rose mallow Plant potted $6.99
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1 Americanum White Crinum Lily s bulb 2-3 inches around Aquatic /Semi-dry shaded1 Americanum White Crinum Lily s bulb 2-3 inches around Aquatic /Semi-dry shaded $4.98 Hosta Plant Fragrant Bouquet Buy Any Five Get One Free 2 Year Old Ship SpringHosta Plant Fragrant Bouquet Buy Any Five Get One Free 2 Year Old Ship Spring $8.55
Versicolor Pinwheel Tropical Landscape Hibiscus Plant Heirloom Single Pink WhiteVersicolor Pinwheel Tropical Landscape Hibiscus Plant Heirloom Single Pink White $9.99 Oriental Lily - Set Of 3 Bulbs. Grows 3-4' Tall, Fragrant 6" Flowers. Zones 4-8.Oriental Lily - Set Of 3 Bulbs. Grows 3-4' Tall, Fragrant 6" Flowers. Zones 4-8. $9.97
Caladium Aaron, (6 Bulbs) Thrives in Heat and HumidityCaladium Aaron, (6 Bulbs) Thrives in Heat and Humidity $9.95 Amorphophallus 1 Konjac Bulb Tuber Corm Voodoo Lily Bulb 11-inch aroundAmorphophallus 1 Konjac Bulb Tuber Corm Voodoo Lily Bulb 11-inch around $20.00
Miracle Gro Ready-Set-Grow Mod Pots-New In Box-Gardening For Kids-Summer GardenMiracle Gro Ready-Set-Grow Mod Pots-New In Box-Gardening For Kids-Summer Garden $13.99 Lily Of The Valley, White Flower, Fragrant, Perennial, Shade 12 for 14.99Lily Of The Valley, White Flower, Fragrant, Perennial, Shade 12 for 14.99 $14.99
2 Eucomis comosa bicolor Pineapple Lily Starter Plants Free Ship2 Eucomis comosa bicolor Pineapple Lily Starter Plants Free Ship $16.98 Live plants of 4 O'Clock Flowers, 10 Plus 10 Free Count Bare roots (mixed color)Live plants of 4 O'Clock Flowers, 10 Plus 10 Free Count Bare roots (mixed color) $19.99
5 blooming size fresh dug Red Spider Lily bulbs Free Shipping5 blooming size fresh dug Red Spider Lily bulbs Free Shipping $219.99 Autumn Clematis Vine Paniculata White pot 3" fast growing Zone 5-10. ShadeAutumn Clematis Vine Paniculata White pot 3" fast growing Zone 5-10. Shade $17.09
Daylily Plant Yuma Twist Rebloom Perennial Df Hensley-D. Peach Yellow FlowerDaylily Plant Yuma Twist Rebloom Perennial Df Hensley-D. Peach Yellow Flower $39.99 Peony/Peonies Plant [Inspecteur Lavergne 3/5 Eye Shipping SpringPeony/Peonies Plant [Inspecteur Lavergne 3/5 Eye Shipping Spring $17.99
25+,Special Daylily Mix Seeds, Fringed, Toothed, Unusual Edged Petals{Tree Frog}25+,Special Daylily Mix Seeds, Fringed, Toothed, Unusual Edged Petals{Tree Frog} $4.95 hosta Church Mouse mini thick wavy disease-free 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Planthosta Church Mouse mini thick wavy disease-free 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $12.99
Foxy Lady Fancy Tropical Cajun Hibiscus Plant - 4" Pot - Indoors or OutFoxy Lady Fancy Tropical Cajun Hibiscus Plant - 4" Pot - Indoors or Out $7.99 Daylily Plant Navajo Code Rebloom Perennial Df Hensley-D. Lavender Purple FlowerDaylily Plant Navajo Code Rebloom Perennial Df Hensley-D. Lavender Purple Flower $39.99
Amorphophallus Konjac 1 Bulb Tuber Corm Voodoo Lily Bulbs 10 Inches AroundAmorphophallus Konjac 1 Bulb Tuber Corm Voodoo Lily Bulbs 10 Inches Around $28.00 Hardy Yucca - Drought and heat loving. White flowers up to 12' tall. #5 plantHardy Yucca - Drought and heat loving. White flowers up to 12' tall. #5 plant $19.97
'Southern Gentleman' Winterberry Holly - Ilex - Hardy'Southern Gentleman' Winterberry Holly - Ilex - Hardy $9.99 Part 892Et Orb Entrance Wave Leverset Kw1 4-Way Desig, by Proven Brands, SinglePart 892Et Orb Entrance Wave Leverset Kw1 4-Way Desig, by Proven Brands, Single $21.70 List price:  Previous Price $27.99
Stained Glass Hosta Hardy Established Heavy Rooted Perennial 1 Qt Potted PlantStained Glass Hosta Hardy Established Heavy Rooted Perennial 1 Qt Potted Plant $7.95 Hydrangea Macrophylla 'Nigra' - Starter Plant - DormantHydrangea Macrophylla 'Nigra' - Starter Plant - Dormant $4.75
Full Bag of Red Indian Blanket Perennial Wildflower Seeds Free ShippingFull Bag of Red Indian Blanket Perennial Wildflower Seeds Free Shipping $2.19 Bougainvillea mix colors 7 bareroot live plant 5-7" you choose color.Bougainvillea mix colors 7 bareroot live plant 5-7" you choose color. $28.00
Peony/Peonies Plant [Felix Crousse/ Carmine Red 3/5 Eyes Ship SpringPeony/Peonies Plant [Felix Crousse/ Carmine Red 3/5 Eyes Ship Spring $18.99 Caladium Stardust, (6 Bulbs) Thrives in Heat and HumidityCaladium Stardust, (6 Bulbs) Thrives in Heat and Humidity $9.95
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hosta Cherry Tart mini red gold disease-free 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Planthosta Cherry Tart mini red gold disease-free 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $12.99 Plants~Chrysogonum virginianum Goldenstar~6" PotPlants~Chrysogonum virginianum Goldenstar~6" Pot $7.99
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Hosta Flowering Shade Plant Dynamic Foliage White or Lavender Bloom HealthyHosta Flowering Shade Plant Dynamic Foliage White or Lavender Bloom Healthy $12.95 Plant~Pycanthemum incanum Mt. Mint~Gallon PotPlant~Pycanthemum incanum Mt. Mint~Gallon Pot $11.99
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Snow Queen Tropical Hibiscus Plant Variegated Green White Leaves and Red FlowerSnow Queen Tropical Hibiscus Plant Variegated Green White Leaves and Red Flower $11.50 Painted Lady Tropical Hibiscus Plant Single Pink Maroon Throat Classic HeirloomPainted Lady Tropical Hibiscus Plant Single Pink Maroon Throat Classic Heirloom $9.99
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20 Colorful Border Lilies (liripipe) Spread quickly20 Colorful Border Lilies (liripipe) Spread quickly $15.00 Feijoa sellowiana Pineapple Guava Pint Plant Yummy Free ShipFeijoa sellowiana Pineapple Guava Pint Plant Yummy Free Ship $25.99
Improve Indoor Air Spider Plantlets (Chlorophytum comosum) Instructions Lot 2Improve Indoor Air Spider Plantlets (Chlorophytum comosum) Instructions Lot 2 $6.99 Milkweed Asclepias Speciosa - 3 Live Plants Tubers Quality Flowering ButterflyMilkweed Asclepias Speciosa - 3 Live Plants Tubers Quality Flowering Butterfly $2.00
10 Bulbs Crinum Ellen Lily Pink Blooms Grows Huge Size 5-7 inches Around10 Bulbs Crinum Ellen Lily Pink Blooms Grows Huge Size 5-7 inches Around $38.99 Peony/Peonies Plant Sorbet ]3 To 5 Eye Shipping SpringPeony/Peonies Plant Sorbet ]3 To 5 Eye Shipping Spring $19.99
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500+Special Daylilys Mix Seeds, Fringed, Toothed,Unusual Edged Petals{Tree Frog}500+Special Daylilys Mix Seeds, Fringed, Toothed,Unusual Edged Petals{Tree Frog} $69.95 Evergreen Ornamental Grass Luzula Sylvatica Aurea Golden Woodrush, Starter PlantEvergreen Ornamental Grass Luzula Sylvatica Aurea Golden Woodrush, Starter Plant $7.99
Pink Versicolor~Fuchsia Hibiscus Well Rooted Live Starter Plant 7" To 10" TallPink Versicolor~Fuchsia Hibiscus Well Rooted Live Starter Plant 7" To 10" Tall $5.99 Georgia Blue Veronica - Carpet of blue flowers in spring. 4" plant, bare root.Georgia Blue Veronica - Carpet of blue flowers in spring. 4" plant, bare root. $6.97
7 mix colors bearded Iris plants Free Shipping7 mix colors bearded Iris plants Free Shipping $219.99 Rhododendron 'Nova Zembla' - Starter PlantRhododendron 'Nova Zembla' - Starter Plant $4.65
Daylily Plant Sparrow Court Rebloom Perennial Hensley-D. Rose Yellow Red FlowerDaylily Plant Sparrow Court Rebloom Perennial Hensley-D. Rose Yellow Red Flower 00006000 $69.99 Ten (10) Assorted Colors and Styles of Daylily Fans - All will be different.Ten (10) Assorted Colors and Styles of Daylily Fans - All will be different. $35.00
Moonshine Yarrow Perennial - Achillea - New! - Quart PotMoonshine Yarrow Perennial - Achillea - New! - Quart Pot $4.99 Caladium Buck,(6 Bulbs) Thrives in Heat and HumidityCaladium Buck,(6 Bulbs) Thrives in Heat and Humidity $6.95
Spider Lily bulbs Crinum asiaticum Fresh bulbs. Shipping from Usa!Spider Lily bulbs Crinum asiaticum Fresh bulbs. Shipping from Usa! $9.90 to $14.90 Giant Hardy Ostrich Fern - Matteuccia. Grows up to 5' tall. #1 plant, bare root.Giant Hardy Ostrich Fern - Matteuccia. Grows up to 5' tall. #1 plant, bare root. $9.97
Artemisia vulgaris Variegated Mugwort Oriental limelight Quart Plant Free ShipArtemisia vulgaris Variegated Mugwort Oriental limelight Quart Plant Free Ship $23.99 10 Vinca major Big green leaf Periwinkle plants great groundcover10 Vinca major Big green leaf Periwinkle plants great groundcover $209.50
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Junior Walker Catmint Perennial - Nepeta faassenii - Shotgun Blooms -Quart PotJunior Walker Catmint Perennial - Nepeta faassenii - Shotgun Blooms -Quart Pot $5.99 Unusual Mediterranean Spurge Euphorbia Characias plantUnusual Mediterranean Spurge Euphorbia Characias plant $3.00
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Prices current as of last update, 01/18/18 1:28pm.

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