Red Valerian, a perennial plant.
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Perennials

A perennial plant or perennial (Latin per, "through", annus, "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. more...

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When used as a noun, this term applies specifically to herbaceous plants, even though woody plants like shrubs and trees are also perennial in their habit.

Perennials, especially small flowering plants, grow and bloom over the spring and summer and then die back every autumn and winter, then return in the spring from their root-stock rather than seeding themselves as an annual plant does. These are known as herbaceous perennials. However, depending on the rigors of local climate, a plant that is a perennial in its native habitat, or in a milder garden, may be treated by a gardener as an annual and planted out every year, from seed, from cuttings or from divisions.

Perennial plants can be short-lived (only a few years) or they can be long-lived, as some woody plants, such as trees, have been living for over 3,000 years. They can vary in size from only a few millimeters to over 100 meters tall. They include a wide assortment of plant groups from ferns and liverworts to the highly diverse flowering plants like Orchids and Grasses.

Perennials that flower and fruit only once and then die are termed monocarpic or semelparous. However, most perennials are polycarpic, flowering over many seasons in their lifetime.

Perennials typically grow structures that allow them to adapt to living from one year to the next. These structures include bulbs, tubers, woody crowns, rhizomes plus others. They might have specialized stems or crowns that allow them to survive periods of dormancy over cold or dry seasons during the year. Annuals produce seeds to continue the species as a new generation while the growing season is suitable, and the seeds survive over the cold or dry period to begin growth when the conditions are again suitable. Many perennials, in contrast, have specialized to survive under extreme environmental conditions: some have adapted to survive hot dry conditions, or to survive under cold temperatures. Those plants tend to invest a lot of resource into their adaptations and often do not flower and set seed until after a few years of growth. Many perennials produce relatively large seeds, which can have an advantage, with larger seedlings produced after germination that can better compete with other plants or more quickly develop leaves for photosynthesis. Annuals tend to produce many more seeds per plant since they will die at the end of the growing season, while perennials are not under the same pressure to produce large numbers of seeds but can produce seeds over many years.

In warmer and more clement climates, perennials grow continuously. In seasonal climates, their growth is limited to the growing season. For example, in temperate regions a perennial plant may grow and bloom during the warm part of the year, with the foliage dying back in the winter. These plants are deciduous perennials. Regrowth is from existing stem tissue. In many parts of the world, seasonality is expressed as wet and dry periods rather than warm and cold periods. In some species, perennials retain their foliage all year round; these are evergreen perennials.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Sagae Hosta Variegated Plantain Lily Liliacea Heavy Perennial 1 Qt Potted PlantSagae Hosta Variegated Plantain Lily Liliacea Heavy Perennial 1 Qt Potted Plant $8.95 Hosta One Last Dance Buy Any 5 Get 1 Free My ChoiceHosta One Last Dance Buy Any 5 Get 1 Free My Choice $13.99
Gaura lindheimeri Siskiyou Pink gallon plant Free ShipGaura lindheimeri Siskiyou Pink gallon plant Free Ship $28.99 Shasta Daisy - Perennials - 5 PlantsShasta Daisy - Perennials - 5 Plants $9.99
Asclepias - Perennis - White - Butterfly Plants - 3" Perennial Pot - 2 PlantsAsclepias - Perennis - White - Butterfly Plants - 3" Perennial Pot - 2 Plants $9.99 Daylily Plant Renegade Ranger Salter-E.H. Df Cream Black Purple DayliliesDaylily Plant Renegade Ranger Salter-E.H. Df Cream Black Purple Daylilies $9.99
Purple hydrangea plant, perennial,beautiful deep purple #2Purple hydrangea plant, perennial,beautiful deep purple #2 $5.99 Picotee Rippled Ruffles - Daylily Single Fan Plant Fra. Reblooming PerennialPicotee Rippled Ruffles - Daylily Single Fan Plant Fra. Reblooming Perennial $29.95
Mandevilla Vine - Apricot -1 Plant - Quart Pot - True Vining Mandevilla - RareMandevilla Vine - Apricot -1 Plant - Quart Pot - True Vining Mandevilla - Rare $15.99 10 Common Periwinkle, Great Evergreen Groundcover for Shady Spots10 Common Periwinkle, Great Evergreen Groundcover for Shady Spots $10.00
Clematis Empress 'Evipo011' Double pink flower sport of Josephine Neonic-Free!Clematis Empress 'Evipo011' Double pink flower sport of Josephine Neonic-Free! $12.99 Rudbeckia-False Sunflower, Golden Glow 5 Live Plants/Золотой Шар/Rudbeckia-False Sunflower, Golden Glow 5 Live Plants/Золотой Шар/ $7.99
heuchera Mocha chocolate brown villosa Coral Bell 2.5" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆heuchera Mocha chocolate brown villosa Coral Bell 2.5" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆ $11.24 Was: Previous Price $12.49 Fortunei Hyacinthina Hosta - Healthy Established Roots - Quart Pot - 1 PlantFortunei Hyacinthina Hosta - Healthy Established Roots - Quart Pot - 1 Plant $7.95
Moses Fire - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Hardy Reblooming Perennial FlowerMoses Fire - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Hardy Reblooming Perennial Flower $14.95 Molly's White Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade -Deer Proof- Gallon PotMolly's White Lenten/Christmas Rose - Helleborus - Shade -Deer Proof- Gallon Pot $19.99
Storyville Child Daylily Perennial (Petit, 1998) Apricot Yellow Flower PlantStoryville Child Daylily Perennial (Petit, 1998) Apricot Yellow Flower Plant $9.99 heuchera Carnival Fall Festival villosa Coral Bell 2.5" pot☆1 Live Potted Plant☆heuchera Carnival Fall Festival villosa Coral Bell 2.5" pot☆1 Live Potted Plant☆ $11.69 Was: Previous Price $12.99
Grass - Dwarf Green Mondo - 6 Plants - 3" Pot - LinersGrass - Dwarf Green Mondo - 6 Plants - 3" Pot - Liners $27.94 Was: Previous Price $42.99 Desperado Love - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial FlowerDesperado Love - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial Flower $14.95
Peony/paeonia plant 'Kansas' 3/5 eyes bare roots Shipping NowPeony/paeonia plant 'Kansas' 3/5 eyes bare roots Shipping Now $11.20 Agapanthus Twister Rare find in Us plant Free ShipAgapanthus Twister Rare find in Us plant Free Ship $19.99
Fragrant Jasmine Plant 4' Pot Grow Live Houseplant Indoor Flower GreenFragrant Jasmine Plant 4' Pot Grow Live Houseplant Indoor Flower Green $23.91 Jamaican Me Crazy - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial FlowerJamaican Me Crazy - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial Flower $29.95
Kisses Like Wine - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial FlowerKisses Like Wine - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial Flower $29.95 White Brazilian Plume Flower Justicia Jacobina Shade Garden PerennialWhite Brazilian Plume Flower Justicia Jacobina Shade Garden Perennial $9.99
American Wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) Well Rooted Live Starter PlantAmerican Wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) Well Rooted Live Starter Plant $4.99 Peony/paeonia plant 'bunker hill' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping NowPeony/paeonia plant 'bunker hill' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping Now $12.50
Spuria Iris *Sunrise In Sonora* Dark Maroon has a Gold Blaze!Spuria Iris *Sunrise In Sonora* Dark Maroon has a Gold Blaze! $6.99 6 Plants Black-Eyed Susan - Flower July through Oct - Deer Proof6 Plants Black-Eyed Susan - Flower July through Oct - Deer Proof $14.99
Giles Von Hees Veronica - Speedwell - Perennial - Gallon PotGiles Von Hees Veronica - Speedwell - Perennial - Gallon Pot $9.99 Daylily Plant Nosferatu Hanson-C Double Fan Purple Perennial FlowerDaylily Plant Nosferatu Hanson-C Double Fan Purple Perennial Flower $24.99
5 8-10" Bevans Geranium Rooted Perennial Ground Cover Or Perfect For Containers5 8-10" Bevans Geranium Rooted Perennial Ground Cover Or Perfect For Containers $5.99 Miracle Gro Ready-Set-Grow Mod Pots-New In Box-Gardening For Kids-Summer GardenMiracle Gro Ready-Set-Grow Mod Pots-New In Box-Gardening For Kids-Summer Garden $13.99
Zi Yan Aquilegia hardy perennial flower seeds shade flower pots [20 seeds/pack]Zi Yan Aquilegia hardy perennial flower seeds shade flower pots [20 seeds/pack] $2.99 heuchera Heureka Silver Lord rare Coral Bells 2.5" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆heuchera Heureka Silver Lord rare Coral Bells 2.5" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆ $11.69 Was: Previous Price $12.99
Athyrium Niponicum Pictum - Japanese Painted Fern - Starters - 2 PlantsAthyrium Niponicum Pictum - Japanese Painted Fern - Starters - 2 Plants $8.99 Resurrection Plant Live! Rose of Jericho Flor de JerichoResurrection Plant Live! Rose of Jericho Flor de Jericho $4.95
Daylily Plant Blueberry Baroque Perennial Df Petit Purple Peach Cream FlowerDaylily Plant Blueberry Baroque Perennial Df Petit Purple Peach Cream Flower $14.99 Daylily Plant Nicole Cabrera Perennial Petit Light Pink 2 Fans FlowerDaylily Plant Nicole Cabrera Perennial Petit Light Pink 2 Fans Flower $9.99
Double Begonia - double Pink - Live Plant - 3" size pot - 2 PlantsDouble Begonia - double Pink - Live Plant - 3" size pot - 2 Plants $6.99 Dianthus 'Wink' Miniature Plants – Tiny Rubies - Great for Rock GardensDianthus 'Wink' Miniature Plants – Tiny Rubies - Great for Rock Gardens $17.99
Live Plants- 10 Ajuga, Purple and White Mix, Ground Cover Perennial, Carpet BuglLive Plants- 10 Ajuga, Purple and White Mix, Ground Cover Perennial, Carpet Bugl $10.00 Huge Live Pink Rose Mallow, Dinner Plate Sz Blooms, DormantHuge Live Pink Rose Mallow, Dinner Plate Sz Blooms, Dormant $16.00
Spuria Iris *Strutin* Yellow & Orange Blend!Spuria Iris *Strutin* Yellow & Orange Blend! $12.19 6 Yellow Variegated Archangel (lamium galeobdolon variegatum) Fast Groundcover6 Yellow Variegated Archangel (lamium galeobdolon variegatum) Fast Groundcover $4.99
Daylily 'Apricot Beauty' ~1 Nice Fan ~ Great time to Plant!Daylily 'Apricot Beauty' ~1 Nice Fan ~ Great time to Plant! $3.99 Chinese Chariot - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial FlowerChinese Chariot - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial Flower $29.95
Proven Winners Water Wise Kit plants Convenient Irrigation Tool Helps Save MoneyProven Winners Water Wise Kit plants Convenient Irrigation Tool Helps Save Money $65.99 Porter Weed - Blue - Butterflies - 1 Plant - Quart PotPorter Weed - Blue - Butterflies - 1 Plant - Quart Pot $8.99
Asclepias - Incarnata - Pink - Butterfly Plants - 3" Perennial Pot - 2 PlantsAsclepias - Incarnata - Pink - Butterfly Plants - 3" Perennial Pot - 2 Plants $9.99 Regal Splendor Hosta Hardy Heavy Established Rooted Perennial 1 Qt Potted PlantRegal Splendor Hosta Hardy Heavy Established Rooted Perennial 1 Qt Potted Plant $7.95
5 Rhizomes Iris Pseudacorus Yellow Flag iris use for ground plants- water garden5 Rhizomes Iris Pseudacorus Yellow Flag iris use for ground plants- water garden $11.99 1 Yellow Honeysuckle Vine Lonicera flava Live Starter Plant - Shipped Bare Root1 Yellow Honeysuckle Vine Lonicera flava Live Starter Plant - Shipped Bare Root $4.99
Honey Suckle - Coral - Vine - 1 Plant - 4" PotHoney Suckle - Coral - Vine - 1 Plant - 4" Pot $14.99 Homalomena - Queen Of Hearts - Sunshine Gem - Starters - 2 PlantsHomalomena - Queen Of Hearts - Sunshine Gem - Starters - 2 Plants $8.99
Daylily Plant Siloam David Kirchhoff Henry-P Df Orchid Cerise Purple DayliliesDaylily Plant Siloam David Kirchhoff Henry-P Df Orchid Cerise Purple Daylilies $9.99 Humdinger Little Angel Butterfly Bush - Buddleia - Compact - Gallon PotHumdinger Little Angel Butterfly Bush - Buddleia - Compact - Gallon Pot $11.99
Fragrant Bouquet Hosta Hardy Established Root Perennial Quart Potted - 1 PlantFragrant Bouquet Hosta Hardy Established Root Perennial Quart Potted - 1 Plant $8.95 15 Purple Iris Fans Garden/Pond15 Purple Iris Fans Garden/Pond $17.95
14 Perennial Sunflower Plants - Drought Tolerant-Blooms Late Summer14 Perennial Sunflower Plants - Drought Tolerant-Blooms Late Summer $10.00 Daylily Plant Soco Gap Perennial Hensley-D. Orange Pink 2 Fans FlowerDaylily Plant Soco Gap Perennial Hensley-D. Orange Pink 2 Fans Flower $9.99
3 Organic Grown Thornless Everbearing Red Raspberry Bare Root Plants Big Berries3 Organic Grown Thornless Everbearing Red Raspberry Bare Root Plants Big Berries $12.99 2000 Black Eyed Susan Rudbeckia Hirta Yellow Flower Seeds *Comb S/H + Gift2000 Black Eyed Susan Rudbeckia Hirta Yellow Flower Seeds *Comb S/H + Gift $1.50
Philodendron - Revolutions - Starters - 2 PlantsPhilodendron - Revolutions - Starters - 2 Plants $10.99 1 plant - Dicentra spectabilis Red - Fumariaceae / Papaveraceae1 plant - Dicentra spectabilis Red - Fumariaceae / Papaveraceae $3.99
Beautiful, Showy Perennial Black Eye Susan Plants Deer Resistant, 5 plants #22Beautiful, Showy Perennial Black Eye Susan Plants Deer Resistant, 5 plants #22 $8.99 heuchera Blondie Little Cuties yellow Coral Bells 2.5" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆heuchera Blondie Little Cuties yellow Coral Bells 2.5" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆ $11.69 Was: Previous Price $12.99
Fairy Music Tropical Hibiscus Plant Single Pale Yellow Lavender FlowerFairy Music Tropical Hibiscus Plant Single Pale Yellow Lavender Flower $14.95 Echinacea 'Glowing Dream' Pp24329 Copf Live PlantEchinacea 'Glowing Dream' Pp24329 Copf Live Plant $8.95
Komodo Dragon Hosta Mildred Seaver Plantain Lily Heavy Perennial 1 Qt Pot PlantKomodo Dragon Hosta Mildred Seaver Plantain Lily Heavy Perennial 1 Qt Pot Plant $8.95 heuchera Primo Pretty Pistachio villosa Coral Bell 2.5" pot☆1 Live Potted Plant☆heuchera Primo Pretty Pistachio villosa Coral Bell 2.5" pot☆1 Live Potted Plant☆ $11.69 Was: Previous Price $12.99
Japanese tree peony Hana-Daijin 4 stems 3 yrsJapanese tree peony Hana-Daijin 4 stems 3 yrs $59.99 live Bamboo Roots / Plant natural privacy fence Canopy Perennialslive Bamboo Roots / Plant natural privacy fence Canopy Perennials $9.99
Point Of Honor - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial FlowerPoint Of Honor - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial Flower $14.95 Peony/paeonia plant 'Catharina Fontijn' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping NowPeony/paeonia plant 'Catharina Fontijn' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping Now $12.50
Texas Big Red - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial FlowerTexas Big Red - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial Flower $29.95 Honey On My Lips - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial FlowerHoney On My Lips - Daylily Single Fan Reblooming Live Plants Perennial Flower $29.95
Peggy Jeffcoat - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial FlowerPeggy Jeffcoat - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial Flower $29.95 Lavender Lilac Bush 20"+Tall - Lavishly Fragrant - Perennial - Free ShippingLavender Lilac Bush 20"+Tall - Lavishly Fragrant - Perennial - Free Shipping $21.95
Lantana Cream Carpet pint plant Free ShipLantana Cream Carpet pint plant Free Ship $14.65 Daylily Plant Huckleberry Candy (Stamile) Cream Blue Eye Daylilies Flower DfDaylily Plant Huckleberry Candy (Stamile) Cream Blue Eye Daylilies Flower Df $9.99
Double Coral - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial FlowerDouble Coral - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Reblooming Perennial Flower $14.95 Spuria Iris *Elfin Sunshine* Yellow Blend!Spuria Iris *Elfin Sunshine* Yellow Blend! $6.99
Grass - Fountain - Red - 10 Plants - 2.75" Pot - Zone (7 & 8)* 9 - 10 - LinersGrass - Fountain - Red - 10 Plants - 2.75" Pot - Zone (7 & 8)* 9 - 10 - Liners $41.99 Was: Previous Price $69.99 Pineapple Guava Plant Easy to Grow Feijoa Acca sellowiana Τubs 4" Pot Garden NewPineapple Guava Plant Easy to Grow Feijoa Acca sellowiana Τubs 4" Pot Garden New $21.98
Lemongrass Plant-2 Containers in 4 Inch SizeLemongrass Plant-2 Containers in 4 Inch Size $12.95 Peony/paeonia plant 'Pecher' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping NowPeony/paeonia plant 'Pecher' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping Now $12.50
15+Red Magic Daylilies Red/Yellow center daylily flowers perennial~Ct garden15+Red Magic Daylilies Red/Yellow center daylily flowers perennial~Ct garden $24.87 Crape Myrtle - Peppermint - Pink / White - 1 Plant - 4" PotCrape Myrtle - Peppermint - Pink / White - 1 Plant - 4" Pot $8.44 Was: Previous Price $12.99
Nosferatu - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Fragrant Reblooming Perennial FlowerNosferatu - Daylily Single Fan Live Plants Fragrant Reblooming Perennial Flower $14.95 Peony/paeonia plant 'bowl of love' 3/5 eye bare root Shipping NowPeony/paeonia plant 'bowl of love' 3/5 eye bare root Shipping Now $12.50
3 Periwinkle Vinca Major 'Variegata' Live Plants - Shipped Bare Root3 Periwinkle Vinca Major 'Variegata' Live Plants - Shipped Bare Root $3.99 hosta Lemon Zest mini rare gold yellow disease-free 2" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆hosta Lemon Zest mini rare gold yellow disease-free 2" pot ☆1 Live Potted Plant☆ $17.99 Was: Previous Price $19.99
June Hosta Halcyon Hardy Heavy Established Perennial Rooted 1 Qt Potted PlantJune Hosta Halcyon Hardy Heavy Established Perennial Rooted 1 Qt Potted Plant $7.95 Peony/paeonia plant 'Sarah Bernhardt' 2/3 eyes bare roots Shipping NowPeony/paeonia plant 'Sarah Bernhardt' 2/3 eyes bare roots Shipping Now $9.50
Pink yarrow plant, perennial #5Pink yarrow plant, perennial #5 $2.99 Royal Standard Hosta Hardy Heavy Established Perennial Rooted 1 Qt Potted PlantRoyal Standard Hosta Hardy Heavy Established Perennial Rooted 1 Qt Potted Plant $7.95
Blechnum Gibbum - Silver Lady Tree Fern - Starters - 2 PlantsBlechnum Gibbum - Silver Lady Tree Fern - Starters - 2 Plants $8.99 Plant~Viola sororia Magenta~4" PotPlant~Viola sororia Magenta~4" Pot $6.99
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Prices current as of last update, 10/19/17 4:28am.

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