Red Valerian, a perennial plant.
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Perennials

A perennial plant or perennial (Latin per, "through", annus, "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years. more...

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When used as a noun, this term applies specifically to herbaceous plants, even though woody plants like shrubs and trees are also perennial in their habit.

Perennials, especially small flowering plants, grow and bloom over the spring and summer and then die back every autumn and winter, then return in the spring from their root-stock rather than seeding themselves as an annual plant does. These are known as herbaceous perennials. However, depending on the rigors of local climate, a plant that is a perennial in its native habitat, or in a milder garden, may be treated by a gardener as an annual and planted out every year, from seed, from cuttings or from divisions.

Perennial plants can be short-lived (only a few years) or they can be long-lived, as some woody plants, such as trees, have been living for over 3,000 years. They can vary in size from only a few millimeters to over 100 meters tall. They include a wide assortment of plant groups from ferns and liverworts to the highly diverse flowering plants like Orchids and Grasses.

Perennials that flower and fruit only once and then die are termed monocarpic or semelparous. However, most perennials are polycarpic, flowering over many seasons in their lifetime.

Perennials typically grow structures that allow them to adapt to living from one year to the next. These structures include bulbs, tubers, woody crowns, rhizomes plus others. They might have specialized stems or crowns that allow them to survive periods of dormancy over cold or dry seasons during the year. Annuals produce seeds to continue the species as a new generation while the growing season is suitable, and the seeds survive over the cold or dry period to begin growth when the conditions are again suitable. Many perennials, in contrast, have specialized to survive under extreme environmental conditions: some have adapted to survive hot dry conditions, or to survive under cold temperatures. Those plants tend to invest a lot of resource into their adaptations and often do not flower and set seed until after a few years of growth. Many perennials produce relatively large seeds, which can have an advantage, with larger seedlings produced after germination that can better compete with other plants or more quickly develop leaves for photosynthesis. Annuals tend to produce many more seeds per plant since they will die at the end of the growing season, while perennials are not under the same pressure to produce large numbers of seeds but can produce seeds over many years.

In warmer and more clement climates, perennials grow continuously. In seasonal climates, their growth is limited to the growing season. For example, in temperate regions a perennial plant may grow and bloom during the warm part of the year, with the foliage dying back in the winter. These plants are deciduous perennials. Regrowth is from existing stem tissue. In many parts of the world, seasonality is expressed as wet and dry periods rather than warm and cold periods. In some species, perennials retain their foliage all year round; these are evergreen perennials.

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2 Coreopsis 'Red Satin Flowering Perennial. Stunning Plant2 Coreopsis 'Red Satin Flowering Perennial. Stunning Plant $19.99 3 Perennial Plants Sedum Yellow Brick Road Elton John Perennial Ground Cover3 Perennial Plants Sedum Yellow Brick Road Elton John Perennial Ground Cover $19.99
Halycon Beautiful Flowering Hosta PerennialHalycon Beautiful Flowering Hosta Perennial $14.99 Rare Hosta Designer Genes Hosta Beautiful Live Flowering PlantRare Hosta Designer Genes Hosta Beautiful Live Flowering Plant $12.99
3 Plants Sedum Dazzleberry Perennial Ground Cover These plants are awesome3 Plants Sedum Dazzleberry Perennial Ground Cover These plants are awesome $24.99 Ficus Carica 'Brown Turkey'- Fig- Starter Plant - Approx 3-4 InchFicus Carica 'Brown Turkey'- Fig- Starter Plant - Approx 3-4 Inch $6.95
Rare Blue Mouse Ears Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering HostaRare Blue Mouse Ears Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering Hosta $13.99 Hardy Geranium Pink Flower Groundcover Perennial Cranesbill v. BiokovoHardy Geranium Pink Flower Groundcover Perennial Cranesbill v. Biokovo $6.00
1- rhizome, Dwarf Bearded Iris, "Purple Tiger" flowering perennials1- rhizome, Dwarf Bearded Iris, "Purple Tiger" flowering perennials $10.00 St. John's Wort Hypericum 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsSt. John's Wort Hypericum 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $39.00
Rare Mini Praying Hands Hosta Flowering Perennial Starter Plant use as accentRare Mini Praying Hands Hosta Flowering Perennial Starter Plant use as accent $11.99 Athyrium 'Ghost' Fern Rare Live Perennial PlantAthyrium 'Ghost' Fern Rare Live Perennial Plant $14.99
Bugleweed, 2 Live Plants! Blue Perennial Bugle Weed - GroCo Plant UsaBugleweed, 2 Live Plants! Blue Perennial Bugle Weed - GroCo Plant Usa $3.50 4 Rose of Sharon Live Plants Flowering Hibiscus Shrub Hedge Pink Purple White4 Rose of Sharon Live Plants Flowering Hibiscus Shrub Hedge Pink Purple White $9.90
5 Ocean Rain daylily fans 6" flower5 Ocean Rain daylily fans 6" flower $19.95 Green Hosta Shade Perennial, Bareroot. 6/LotGreen Hosta Shade Perennial, Bareroot. 6/Lot $10.00
Hosta plant 6 Organic Homestead nice size. bareroot trimmed top qualityHosta plant 6 Organic Homestead nice size. bareroot trimmed top quality $32.87 Rare School Mouse Flowering Perennial HostaRare School Mouse Flowering Perennial Hosta $13.99
4 O'Clock Flower Root Bulb Four Oclock Perennial one bulb 5 year old bulb4 O'Clock Flower Root Bulb Four Oclock Perennial one bulb 5 year old bulb $18.00 10 Japanese Yoshino Cherry Tree Seeds Usa Seller Pure White Spring Flowers10 Japanese Yoshino Cherry Tree Seeds Usa Seller Pure White Spring Flowers $6.99
Daring Deception Daylily - 2 fans bareroot free ship. Ship Fall & SpringDaring Deception Daylily - 2 fans bareroot free ship. Ship Fall & Spring $25.00 Blue Columbine Blue Aquilegia - Live PlantBlue Columbine Blue Aquilegia - Live Plant $11.99
Astilbe Bridal Veil Super Large Bare root plant with multiple buds AwesomeAstilbe Bridal Veil Super Large Bare root plant with multiple buds Awesome $12.99 Rare Hosta 'Wu-La-La' Cpbraf Pp31 Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering HostaRare Hosta 'Wu-La-La' Cpbraf Pp31 Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering Hosta $14.99
Hosta 1Organic Homestead 3yr plus size root clump shade perennial, bareroot.Hosta 1Organic Homestead 3yr plus size root clump shade perennial, bareroot. $10.87 2 Helleborus French Kiss Rare Flowering Perennial Live Plant Stunning2 Helleborus French Kiss Rare Flowering Perennial Live Plant Stunning $28.99
Brandy Punch Giant Hibiscus Rose Mallow Perennial - Live Plant - Gallon PotBrandy Punch Giant Hibiscus Rose Mallow Perennial - Live Plant - Gallon Pot $14.99 Gold Splash® Euonymus fortunei - 4" Pot - Wintercreeper - Proven WinnersGold Splash® Euonymus fortunei - 4" Pot - Wintercreeper - Proven Winners $11.99
1- rhizome,Yellow Bearded Iris, "Harvest of memories", flowering perennials1- rhizome,Yellow Bearded Iris, "Harvest of memories", flowering perennials $10.00 5 Beach Music daylily fans5 Beach Music daylily fans $19.95
20 daylily /tiger lily edible live organic rooted plants free shipping20 daylily /tiger lily edible live organic rooted plants free shipping $39.99 Daylily Plant New Paradigm Stamile 2008 Yellow Burgandy Daylilies Flower DfDaylily Plant New Paradigm Stamile 2008 Yellow Burgandy Daylilies Flower Df $30.00
Helleborus Blushing Bridesmaid Rare Flowering Perennial Live Plant StunningHelleborus Blushing Bridesmaid Rare Flowering Perennial Live Plant Stunning $14.99 Plant~Blue Star Amsonia t. "Grande"~GallonPlant~Blue Star Amsonia t. "Grande"~Gallon $12.00
Helleborus Vegas Nights Rare Flowering Perennial Live Plant StunningHelleborus Vegas Nights Rare Flowering Perennial Live Plant Stunning $12.99 Giant Cutleaf Coneflower Plants ( Rudbeckia lancinata )Giant Cutleaf Coneflower Plants ( Rudbeckia lancinata ) $7.99
4 O'Clock Flower Root Bulb Four Oclock Perennial 5 year old bulbs (Yellow)4 O'Clock Flower Root Bulb Four Oclock Perennial 5 year old bulbs (Yellow) $20.00 One Hosta Opipara Koriyama Plant - Shiny light green leaves with cream edgesOne Hosta Opipara Koriyama Plant - Shiny light green leaves with cream edges $6.50
Astilbe 'Red Fanal' Super Large Bare root plant with multiple buds AwesomeAstilbe 'Red Fanal' Super Large Bare root plant with multiple buds Awesome $9.99 sun aster Woods Purple compact native flowers 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantsun aster Woods Purple compact native flowers 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $11.98
Rare Maui Buttercups Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering HostaRare Maui Buttercups Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering Hosta $14.99 7 - Tawny Orange Daylily Tubers Bulbs Rhizomes Taproots Perennial Seeds7 - Tawny Orange Daylily Tubers Bulbs Rhizomes Taproots Perennial Seeds $14.99
Daylily Charles Johnston Gates 1981 Fragrant 6" Bl 24" T Cherry Red 2 Fans RbDaylily Charles Johnston Gates 1981 Fragrant 6" Bl 24" T Cherry Red 2 Fans Rb $12.99 Hosta Lakeside Lime Time limetime miniature foliage perennial shade plantHosta Lakeside Lime Time limetime miniature foliage perennial shade plant $9.95
Astilbe 'Purple Candels' Super Large Bare root plant with multiple buds AwesomeAstilbe 'Purple Candels' Super Large Bare root plant with multiple buds Awesome $11.99 24 Pk Miracle-Gro Grow Plant Food Sticks Spikes W/Applicator 100252224 Pk Miracle-Gro Grow Plant Food Sticks Spikes W/Applicator 1002522 $5.99
1 Echinacea purpurea 'PowWow Wild Berry ,1 Echinacea purpurea 'PowWow Wild Berry , $22.99 Dancy Nancy Kirchhoff-D. 2007 2 daylily fans (large)Dancy Nancy Kirchhoff-D. 2007 2 daylily fans (large) $29.95
3 Rare Echinacea Lemon Yellow Coneflowers Plant Attracts butterflies and birds3 Rare Echinacea Lemon Yellow Coneflowers Plant Attracts butterflies and birds $21.99 Fragrant - Butterfly Bush - White Ginger Cuban Nat'l Flower - Ginger Root #Z301Fragrant - Butterfly Bush - White Ginger Cuban Nat'l Flower - Ginger Root #Z301 $17.95
heucherella Pink Fizz pastel tiarella coral bells 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantheucherella Pink Fizz pastel tiarella coral bells 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $13.98 3 Rare Heuchera Lemon Love Flowering Starter Perennial Plants3 Rare Heuchera Lemon Love Flowering Starter Perennial Plants $24.99
Lechenaultia Floribunda 10 seeds Free ShipLechenaultia Floribunda 10 seeds Free Ship $8.52 Was:  Previous Price $10.02 Prairie Moon Hosta - Golden Yellow Leaves all Spring/Summer/Fall - Gallon PotPrairie Moon Hosta - Golden Yellow Leaves all Spring/Summer/Fall - Gallon Pot $19.99
Rare Etched Glass Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering HostaRare Etched Glass Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering Hosta $13.99 Pee Wee Oakleaf Hydrangea Perennial - Dwarf White - 4" PotPee Wee Oakleaf Hydrangea Perennial - Dwarf White - 4" Pot $11.99
Dancing On Air (Stamile, P.) 2004 Tet 2 daylily fans (large)Dancing On Air (Stamile, P.) 2004 Tet 2 daylily fans (large) $29.95 Hot lips Salvia Live Plant Garden Outdoor Indoor Yard Bi-colored Blooms HomeplanHot lips Salvia Live Plant Garden Outdoor Indoor Yard Bi-colored Blooms Homeplan $27.95
Amaryllis dutch 'Rilona' 34/36 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020Amaryllis dutch 'Rilona' 34/36 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020 $17.50 20 live plants edible Wild Violet, medicinal, aquatic vitamins A and C perennial20 live plants edible Wild Violet, medicinal, aquatic vitamins A and C perennial $9.99
Jasmine Stephanense - Fragrant - Starter PlantJasmine Stephanense - Fragrant - Starter Plant $2.95 Mums Rooted branch cuttings/plants (Buy 12 Get 12 Free)Mums Rooted branch cuttings/plants (Buy 12 Get 12 Free) $19.99
Hosta WaterSlide Flowering Perennial Plant. Large healthy roots structureHosta WaterSlide Flowering Perennial Plant. Large healthy roots structure $14.99 Aster 'Alert' Fall Magenta Flower Perennial Michaelmis Daisy Aster novi-belgiiAster 'Alert' Fall Magenta Flower Perennial Michaelmis Daisy Aster novi-belgii $6.50
Amaryllis dutch 'Flamenco Queen' 34/36 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020Amaryllis dutch 'Flamenco Queen' 34/36 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020 $17.50 Rare Island Breeze Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering HostaRare Island Breeze Hosta Beautiful Live Perennial Flowering Hosta $17.99
One Hosta Abba Dabba Do Plant - golden edges on a lime green centerOne Hosta Abba Dabba Do Plant - golden edges on a lime green center $6.50 10 Big Healthy Autumn Joy Stonecrop Sedum Live Plants Perennial Hardy10 Big Healthy Autumn Joy Stonecrop Sedum Live Plants Perennial Hardy $19.99
Leonurus japonicus var. alba or White Lions Ear 10 seeds Free ShipLeonurus japonicus var. alba or White Lions Ear 10 seeds Free Ship $15.96 Was:  Previous Price $18.78 Giant Yellow Hyssop Agastache Nepetoides Bees and Hummingbirds 200 SeedsGiant Yellow Hyssop Agastache Nepetoides Bees and Hummingbirds 200 Seeds $2.59
3 Ligularia Bottle Rocket Perennials Large Beautiful Plants3 Ligularia Bottle Rocket Perennials Large Beautiful Plants $59.99 Showy Pink Primrose Flower- PerennialsShowy Pink Primrose Flower- Perennials $12.99
100 - Blue Flag, Iris Versicolor, Perennial Purple Flower Seeds100 - Blue Flag, Iris Versicolor, Perennial Purple Flower Seeds $3.99 Leucocoryne vittata or Andean Glory of the Sun Lily 10 seeds Free ShipLeucocoryne vittata or Andean Glory of the Sun Lily 10 seeds Free Ship $9.78 Was:  Previous Price $11.51
Six Assorted Aloe Plants 4"-7" long, -Outdoor tolerant- First aid -Six Assorted Aloe Plants 4"-7" long, -Outdoor tolerant- First aid - $9.99 Daylily Abstract Art Pink Rose Gold Hues 33" Tall 6" Blooms 5 Plants FragrantDaylily Abstract Art Pink Rose Gold Hues 33" Tall 6" Blooms 5 Plants Fragrant $9.99
Snowflake Creeping Phlox 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsSnowflake Creeping Phlox 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $37.26 $17.50
Daylily Clincher Lavender pink purple Hemerocallis perennial ~ Df or 2 plantsDaylily Clincher Lavender pink purple Hemerocallis perennial ~ Df or 2 plants $9.95 Peony/paeonia plant 'Sword dance' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping Oct 2020Peony/paeonia plant 'Sword dance' 3/5 eyes bare root Shipping Oct 2020 $12.50
Plant~Perennial Ageratum Ageratina Eupatorium coelestinum~Gallon PotPlant~Perennial Ageratum Ageratina Eupatorium coelestinum~Gallon Pot $12.00 Stella D Ora (15) & Black Eyed Stella (15) Daylillies - Total Of 30 FansStella D Ora (15) & Black Eyed Stella (15) Daylillies - Total Of 30 Fans $30.00
3 Large Rare Plants Alcea Halo Candy Perennial Hollyhock3 Large Rare Plants Alcea Halo Candy Perennial Hollyhock $32.99 One Hosta Honey Bells Plant - light to medium greenOne Hosta Honey Bells Plant - light to medium green $6.25
3-6 Chrysanthemum - Aidden Red Fire Chrysanthe Mum 2.5" Pot Live Plant3-6 Chrysanthemum - Aidden Red Fire Chrysanthe Mum 2.5" Pot Live Plant $10.23 to $20.46 One Hosta Antioch Plant - dark green, blue green, and creamOne Hosta Antioch Plant - dark green, blue green, and cream $6.50
Brutus Daylily Huge 7" Blooms 24" Tall Yellow With Bronze Highlights 2 FansBrutus Daylily Huge 7" Blooms 24" Tall Yellow With Bronze Highlights 2 Fans $7.00 3 Rare Heuchera Pretty Pistacho Starter Flowering Perennial Beautiful3 Rare Heuchera Pretty Pistacho Starter Flowering Perennial Beautiful $24.99
Rare Rainforest Sunrise Beautiful Flowering Hosta PerennialRare Rainforest Sunrise Beautiful Flowering Hosta Perennial $13.99 Amaryllis dutch 'Double Dragon' 34/36 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020Amaryllis dutch 'Double Dragon' 34/36 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020 $17.95
3 Plants Buddleia Little Angel Starter Butterfly Bush Perennials3 Plants Buddleia Little Angel Starter Butterfly Bush Perennials $34.99 Plant~Wingstem Verbesina alternifolia~Gallon PotPlant~Wingstem Verbesina alternifolia~Gallon Pot $12.00
1 St. John's Wort Hypericum Plant Free Shipping1 St. John's Wort Hypericum Plant Free Shipping $22.99 Amaryllis dutch 'picotee' 30/32 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020Amaryllis dutch 'picotee' 30/32 cm Jumbo bullbs shipping Oct. 2020 $17.20
echinacea Green Jewel coneflower tall prairie 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantechinacea Green Jewel coneflower tall prairie 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $15.98 3 Super healthy Plants Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm' Black Eyed Susan3 Super healthy Plants Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm' Black Eyed Susan $19.99
Daylillies - Late Bloomers (Total 24) - Various Colors - All Named DaylilliesDaylillies - Late Bloomers (Total 24) - Various Colors - All Named Daylillies $60.00 Heuchera Starter Plant 5 Pack Palace, Pink Fizz, Apple Twist, Fire, LemonHeuchera Starter Plant 5 Pack Palace, Pink Fizz, Apple Twist, Fire, Lemon $39.99
Rare Stained Glass Beautiful Flowering Hosta PerennialRare Stained Glass Beautiful Flowering Hosta Perennial $13.99 heuchera family Spring Symphony green Tiarella 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plantheuchera family Spring Symphony green Tiarella 2.5" pot = 1 Live Potted Plant $13.48
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Prices current as of last update, 09/28/20 2:14am.

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