Ferocactus pilosus (Mexican Lime Cactus) growing south of Saltillo, Coahuila, northeast MexicoCloseup image of a cactus flower (Echinopsis spachiana) showing large number of stamens.Pereskia grandifolia: Pereskia is a weakly succulent genus, which also possesses leaves, and is believed to be very similar to the ancestor of all cacti.Saguaro cactus in Arizona, USA. This species is well known from Western films.
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Cactus Plant

A cactus (plural: cactuses, the word "Cacti" would only exist if the word was of latin origin, but its origin lies with the Mesoamerican civilizations. ) is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. more...

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They are often used as ornamental plants, but some are also crop plants.

Cactuses are distinctive and unusual plants, which are adapted to extremely arid and hot environments, showing a wide range of anatomical and physiological features which conserve water. Their stems have expanded into green succulent structures containing the chlorophyll necessary for life and growth, while the leaves have become the spines for which cacti are so well known.

Cactuses come in a wide range of shapes and sizes. The tallest is Pachycereus pringlei, with a maximum recorded height of 19.2 m, and the smallest is Blossfeldia liliputiana, only about 1 cm diameter at maturity. Cactus flowers are large, and like the spines and branches arise from areoles. Many cactus species are night blooming, as they are pollinated by nocturnal insects or small animals, principally moths and bats. Cacti's sizes range from small and round to pole-like and tall.

Description

The cacti are succulent plants that grow either as trees, shrubs or in the form of ground cover. Most species grow on the ground, but there is also a whole range of epiphytic species. In most species, except for the sub-family of the Pereskioideae (see image), the leaves are greatly or entirely reduced. The flowers, mostly radially symmetrical and hermaphrodite, bloom either by day or by night, depending on species. Their shape varies from tube-like through bell-like to wheel-shaped, and their size from 0.2 to 15-30 meters. Most of them have numerous sepals (from 5 to 50 or more), and change form from outside to inside, from bracts to petals. They have stamens in great numbers (from 50 to 1,500, rarely fewer). Nearly all species of cacti have a bitter milk-like substance contained within them. The berry-like fruits may contain few, but mostly many (3,000), seeds, which can be between 0.4 and 12 mm long.

The life of a cactus is seldom longer than 300 years, and there are cacti which live only 25 years (although these flower as early as their second year). The Saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea) grows to a height of about 2ft tall on modern days in summer weather up to 15 meters (the record is 17 meters 67cm), but in its first ten years it grows only 10 centimeters. The "mother-in-law's cushion" (Echinocactus grusonii) reaches a height of 2.5 meters and a diameter of 1 meter and - at least on the Canaries - is already capable of flowering after 6 years. The diameter of cactus flowers ranges from 5 to 30 cm; the colors are often conspicuous and spectacular.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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3x Ferocactus towsendianus3x Ferocactus towsendianus $6.00 070916 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria cv Rezry" 원종프리티070916 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria cv Rezry" 원종프리티 $15.50
3x Pediocactus peeblesianus menzelii Rp 116 Cocconino Co.,Az.3x Pediocactus peeblesianus menzelii Rp 116 Cocconino Co.,Az. $28.00 070913 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Silver star "070913 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Silver star " $8.00
* Lithops Variety Mix flowering rock succulent cacti living stone seed 100 Seeds* Lithops Variety Mix flowering rock succulent cacti living stone seed 100 Seeds < 00004000 span class="bold"$9.99 Trichocereus Juul's Giant, 3- cuttings = 44" total, *no chemicals*, 10 lb #6-21ATrichocereus Juul's Giant, 3- cuttings = 44" total, *no chemicals*, 10 lb #6-21A $74.95
10 Cane Cholla Cactus Cylindropuntia spinosior Walkingstick Cuttings Red flowers10 Cane Cholla Cactus Cylindropuntia spinosior Walkingstick Cuttings Red flowers $15.00 3x Ferocactus chrysacanthaus3x Ferocactus chrysacanthaus $10.00
070909 live plants succulent & cactus Echeveria blue bird vareigated"070909 live plants succulent & cactus Echeveria blue bird vareigated" $18.00 100 seeds Living Stones Lithops Variety Mix succulent mesembs stone cactus seed100 seeds Living Stones Lithops Variety Mix succulent mesembs stone cactus seed $9.99
3x Oreocereus leucotrichus Gm 1405 Chile3x Oreocereus leucotrichus Gm 1405 Chile $18.00 3x Escobaria abdita ssp.tenuispina Laguna de Meyran, Coah.3x Escobaria abdita ssp.tenuispina Laguna de Meyran, Coah. $75.00
3x Escobaria minima Gcg 10800 S of Marathon, Brewster Co.,Tx.3x Escobaria minima Gcg 10800 S of Marathon, Brewster Co.,Tx. $18.00 3x Escobaria hesteri Sb 430 Marathon, Brewster Co.,Tx.3x Escobaria hesteri Sb 430 Marathon, Brewster Co.,Tx. $9.00
3x Ferocactus emoryi Gcg S of Sonoita, Son.3x Ferocactus emoryi Gcg S of Sonoita, Son. $6.00 070943 live plants succulent & cactus "Pachyveria cv. 'Paradoxa'070943 live plants succulent & cactus "Pachyveria cv. 'Paradoxa' $15.00
2-For-1 Lepismium Cruciforme Super Red Clone Jungle Cactus2-For-1 Lepismium Cruciforme Super Red Clone Jungle Cactus $16.00 3x Browningia candelaris Zj Peru3x Browningia candelaris Zj Peru $18.00
10 Arizona Pencil Cholla Cactus Cuttings (Cylindropuntia Ramosissima)10 Arizona Pencil Cholla Cactus Cuttings (Cylindropuntia Ramosissima) $15.00 070908 live plants succulent & cactus " Echeveria kante"070908 live plants succulent & cactus " Echeveria kante" $15.00
070989 live plants succulent & cactus "Graptopetalum pachyphyllum Bluebean"070989 live plants succulent & cactus "Graptopetalum pachyphyllum Bluebean" $12.00 3x Epithelantha potosina Vm El Nuněz, Slp3x Epithelantha potosina Vm El Nuněz, Slp $24.00
070915 live plants succulent & cactus "Cotyledon tomentosa ssptomentosa070915 live plants succulent & cactus "Cotyledon tomentosa ssptomentosa $8.00 3x Turbinicarpus schmiedickianus pintoensis Gcg Pressa del Pinto, Slp3x Turbinicarpus schmiedickianus pintoensis Gcg Pressa del Pinto, Slp $24.00
Trichocereus Juul's Giant, 37"- 2 big cuttings, *no chemicals*, 10 lbs #6-24STrichocereus Juul's Giant, 37"- 2 big cuttings, *no chemicals*, 10 lbs #6-24S $74.95 3x Pediocactus simpsonii Hk 1457 Poncha Pass, Chffe Co., Colo. -23°C3x Pediocactus simpsonii Hk 1457 Poncha Pass, Chffe Co., Colo. -23°C $18.00
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070914 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Rain drop"070914 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Rain drop" $18.00 3x Ferocactus johnstonianus Kkp 1600 Isal Angel de La Guarda,Bc3x Ferocactus johnstonianus Kkp 1600 Isal Angel de La Guarda,Bc $27.00
070905 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria sp'"070905 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria sp'" $10.00 3x Escobaria hesteri ssp.nova Puertecitos, Coah.3x Escobaria hesteri ssp.nova Puertecitos, Coah. $30.00
0709100 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria mexensis 'Zaragosa'"0709100 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria mexensis 'Zaragosa'" $18.00 070921 live plants succulent & cactus "Sedum torereasei"부사070921 live plants succulent & cactus "Sedum torereasei"부사 $10.00
3x Eulychnia sain-piena Jmt 78 Caleta Agua Hedionda, Atacama, Chile3x Eulychnia sain-piena Jmt 78 Caleta Agua Hedionda, Atacama, Chile $18.00 070906 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Silver queen vareigated"070906 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Silver queen vareigated" $30.00
3x Ferocactus wislizenii Gcg E of Villa Ahumada, Chih.3x Ferocactus wislizenii Gcg E of Villa Ahumada, Chih. $6.00 3x Thelocephala fankhauserii3x Thelocephala fankhauserii $21.00
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3x Maihuenia patagonica Tecka, Pro.Chubut, Arg.3x Maihuenia patagonica Tecka, Pro.Chubut, Arg. $18.00 070907 live plants succulent & cactus "Pachyveria Jocelyns Joy Vareigated070907 live plants succulent & cactus "Pachyveria Jocelyns Joy Vareigated $35.00
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3x Epithelantha bokei "elongata" f.bright pink flowersSn 2009 Oc.-Laguna de Lece3x Epithelantha bokei "elongata" f.bright pink flowersSn 2009 Oc.-Laguna de Lece $21.00 070917 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Ice green"070917 live plants succulent & cactus "Echeveria Ice green" $15.00
3x Mammillaria hernandezii Gcg Buenavista I., Oax.3x Mammillaria hernandezii Gcg Buenavista I., Oax. $24.00
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