Color plate from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der NaturNeottia nidus-avis, a myco-heterotrophCattleya aclandiae. Note the typical zygomorphic flower with three petal-like sepals (top, lower right, lower left), two normal petals on either side and  the labellumOrchis lactea showing the two tubers
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Orchids

Orchidaceae, also called the Orchid family, is the largest family of the flowering plants (Angiospermae). Its name is derived from the genus Orchis. more...

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The Royal Botanical Gardens of Kew list 880 genera and nearly 22,000 accepted species, but the exact number is unknown (perhaps as many as 25,000) because of taxonomic disputes. The number of orchid species equals about four times the number of mammal species, or more than twice the number of bird species. It also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. About 800 new orchid species are added each year. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). The family also includes the Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus) and many commonly cultivated plants like some Phalaenopsis or Cattleya.

Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species in the 19th century, horticulturists have more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.

Distribution

Orchidaceae are cosmopolitan, occurring in almost every habitat apart from deserts and glaciers. The great majority are to be found in the tropics, mostly Asia, South America and Central America. They are found above the Arctic Circle, in southern Patagonia and even on Macquarie Island, close to Antarctica.

The following list gives a rough overview of their distribution:

  • tropical America: 300 to 350 genera
  • tropical Asia: 250 to 300 genera
  • tropical Africa: 125 to 150 genera
  • Oceania: 50 to 70 genera
  • Europe and temperate Asia: 40 to 60 genera
  • North America: 20 to 30 genera

Taxonomy

This family is totally recognised, and the APG II system of 2003 places it in the order Asparagales.

The taxonomy of this family is in constant flux, as new studies continue to identify more classificatory elements.

Five subfamilies are now recognised. The cladogram has been made according to the APG system:

Ecology

Neottia nidus-avis, a myco-heterotrophRead more at Wikipedia.org


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Orchid Cattleya Rcc Frances Fox Hot Spots Exotic Tropical PlantOrchid Cattleya Rcc Frances Fox Hot Spots Exotic Tropical Plant $39.95 Цитокининова  паста (analog Keiki paste) для пробуждения спящих почек орхидейЦитокининова паста (analog Keiki paste) для пробуждения спящих почек орхидей $5.49 to $16.86
Epidendrum Orchids 5 Different Color W / Roots Yellow Red Radicans PurpleEpidendrum Orchids 5 Different Color W / Roots Yellow Red Radicans Purple $20.00 Awesome Anoectochilus geniculutus Bloom size 2" pot SpeciesAwesome Anoectochilus geniculutus Bloom size 2" pot Species $30.00
Coconut Husk fiber,Chips, for Orchids flowers-190gCoconut Husk fiber,Chips, for Orchids flowers-190g $9.45 Nice Peristeria elata Bloom size 6" pot Large SpeciesNice Peristeria elata Bloom size 6" pot Large Species $70.00
Awesome Laelia purpurata var. cinderosa Select Mounted tree fern SpeciesAwesome Laelia purpurata var. cinderosa Select Mounted tree fern Species $25.00 Oncidium Aka Baby 'Raspberry Chocolate' Hcc/Aos Fragrant near bloom sizeOncidium Aka Baby 'Raspberry Chocolate' Hcc/Aos Fragrant near bloom size $18.00
Paphiopedilum gratrixianum x (Maudiae vinicolor x charlesworthii) Nfs orchidPaphiopedilum gratrixianum x (Maudiae vinicolor x charlesworthii) Nfs orchid $64.95 Bulbophyllum masdevalliaceum Bloom size 3" basket Rare SpeciesBulbophyllum masdevalliaceum Bloom size 3" basket Rare Species $100.00
Dendrobium scabrilingue ( orange lip ) Orchids x 1 plantDendrobium scabrilingue ( orange lip ) Orchids x 1 plant $9.99 Brassoepilaelia Hybrid, Golden Peacock, Orange in 4" potBrassoepilaelia Hybrid, Golden Peacock, Orange in 4" pot $16.99
new rare Phragmipedium Sedenii, (longifolium x schlimii) Nfs orchid plantnew rare Phragmipedium Sedenii, (longifolium x schlimii) Nfs orchid plant $51.96 Sedirea japonica Bloom size 3" pot SpeciesSedirea japonica Bloom size 3" pot Species $45.00
Wow Broughtonia sanguinea var. alba Spike Mounted cork bark Rare SpeciesWow Broughtonia sanguinea var. alba Spike Mounted cork bark Rare Species $30.00 Awesome Schomburgkia lueddemaniana Bloom size 10" basket SpeciesAwesome Schomburgkia lueddemaniana Bloom size 10" basket Species $100.00
Nano Orchids Hybrid Plants: Bronze Butterfly x Rhy.coelestis 3.5” pot size :Oc01Nano Orchids Hybrid Plants: Bronze Butterfly x Rhy.coelestis 3.5” pot size :Oc01 $9.99 New zealand sphagnum moss 100 Grams long fiber 8 L AaNew zealand sphagnum moss 100 Grams long fiber 8 L Aa $7.25
Wood orchid basket - Halfmoon style hanging wooden plant basket - 7" wideWood orchid basket - Halfmoon style hanging wooden plant basket - 7" wide $9.75 Awesome Cattleya deckeri var. alba Bloom size 4" basket SpeciesAwesome Cattleya deckeri var. alba Bloom size 4" basket Species $40.00
Coconut Husk Fiber,185 g, great for orchid growing,Arts Crafts Pet BeddingCoconut Husk Fiber,185 g, great for orchid growing,Arts Crafts Pet Bedding $10.20 Orchid Bark Chip Mix, Coco Husk Chips + Charcoal Aerangis, Delivery In 2-8 DaysOrchid Bark Chip Mix, Coco Husk Chips + Charcoal Aerangis, Delivery In 2-8 Days $13.95 to $29.95
Encyclia oxypetala Bloom size Mounted tree fern Rare Cuban SpeciesEncyclia oxypetala Bloom size Mounted tree fern Rare Cuban Species $30.00 Phalaenopsis equestris species orchid plant. limited! collector orchid. In bloomPhalaenopsis equestris species orchid plant. limited! collector orchid. In bloom $14.00
Cattleya maxima var. coerulea 'Alex' 2 Sheaths/Flowers/Buds 4" pot SpeciesCattleya maxima var. coerulea 'Alex' 2 Sheaths/Flowers/Buds 4" pot Species $70.00 Dendrobium Chan Chao. orchid hybrid.Dendrobium Chan Chao. orchid hybrid. $17.50
Awesome Cattleya dowiana var. aurea Select 2" pot SpeciesAwesome Cattleya dowiana var. aurea Select 2" pot Species $60.00 Bulbophyllum ambrosia Orchids x 1 plantBulbophyllum ambrosia Orchids x 1 plant $13.00
New Habenaria Orchid Hybrid Pegasus (medusa x carnea) blooming size plant!New Habenaria Orchid Hybrid Pegasus (medusa x carnea) blooming size plant! $20.00 Epidendrum radicans orchid. Plus. 🌷3🌷 Free secret plantsEpidendrum radicans orchid. Plus. 🌷3🌷 Free secret plants $15.00
Cattleya bicolor 'Calliope' Hcc/Aos Buds 3" pot SpeciesCattleya bicolor 'Calliope' Hcc/Aos Buds 3" pot Species $70.00 Dendrobium phalaenopsis Dwarf Variegated form.Dendrobium phalaenopsis Dwarf Variegated form. $8.85
Awesome Coelogyne pandurata Bloom sizes 6 inch wood basket Large Rare SpeciesAwesome Coelogyne pandurata Bloom sizes 6 inch wood basket Large Rare Species $100.00 Ascda. Peggy Foo Flowers 4" basketAscda. Peggy Foo Flowers 4" basket $50.00
Pot. Oripoto's Surprise 'Henrique' X Schomburgkia undulata v.alba Flowers 5" potPot. Oripoto's Surprise 'Henrique' X Schomburgkia undulata v.alba Flowers 5" pot $100.00 Habenaria rhodocheila yellow Orchids x 3 bulbHabenaria rhodocheila yellow Orchids x 3 bulb $15.00
$13.00 Dendrobium ochreatum Orchids x 1 plantDendrobium ochreatum Orchids x 1 plant $9.99
Six Strong Wire plant pot hangers Pot diameters from 4 inch to 8 (World Post)Six Strong Wire plant pot hangers Pot diameters from 4 inch to 8 (World Post) $24.03 Cymbidium_Mystery Orchid_no Id unknown hybrid Seedling Size Surprise Ez HardyCymbidium_Mystery Orchid_no Id unknown hybrid Seedling Size Surprise Ez Hardy $9.49 to $79.99
Orchid rhy-gig (spotty purple) young plant. Free World Post.Orchid rhy-gig (spotty purple) young plant. Free World Post. $20.13 New! 100 Black Cymbidium Faberi Cicada Orchid Flower SeedsNew! 100 Black Cymbidium Faberi Cicada Orchid Flower Seeds $5.99
Awesome Cattleya intermedia var. coerulea aquinii Flowers 4" pot SpeciesAwesome Cattleya intermedia var. coerulea aquinii Flowers 4" pot Species $60.00 dendrobium anusmumdendrobium anusmum $45.00
Schoenorchis scolopendria Orchids x 1 plantSchoenorchis scolopendria Orchids x 1 plant $19.00 Bin-2) plants- Pot. Perfect Choice 'Purple Lady' Bm/Joga- Easy 2 Grow! NiceBin-2) plants- Pot. Perfect Choice 'Purple Lady' Bm/Joga- Easy 2 Grow! Nice $39.99
Orchid Plant Blc. Mem. Vida lee "Limelight" Olive Green with Red Lip - Bare RootOrchid Plant Blc. Mem. Vida lee "Limelight" Olive Green with Red Lip - Bare Root $18.00 New Habenaria Orchid Hybrid (Wow's White Fairies x Tracey) blooming size plant!New Habenaria Orchid Hybrid (Wow's White Fairies x Tracey) blooming size plant! $20.00
Cattleya skinneri Bloom size 4" basket SpeciesCattleya skinneri Bloom size 4" basket Species $40.00
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Prices current as of last update, 07/23/17 10:08pm.

See also...
Cattleya Orchid, Orchids, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Gardening & Plants
Orchid Plant, Orchids, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Gardening & Plants

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