Color plate from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der NaturNeottia nidus-avis, a myco-heterotrophCattleya aclandiae. Note the typical zygomorphic flower with three petal-like sepals (top, lower right, lower left), two normal petals on either side and  the labellumOrchis lactea showing the two tubers
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Orchids

Orchidaceae, also called the Orchid family, is the largest family of the flowering plants (Angiospermae). Its name is derived from the genus Orchis. more...

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The Royal Botanical Gardens of Kew list 880 genera and nearly 22,000 accepted species, but the exact number is unknown (perhaps as many as 25,000) because of taxonomic disputes. The number of orchid species equals about four times the number of mammal species, or more than twice the number of bird species. It also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. About 800 new orchid species are added each year. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). The family also includes the Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus) and many commonly cultivated plants like some Phalaenopsis or Cattleya.

Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species in the 19th century, horticulturists have more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.

Distribution

Orchidaceae are cosmopolitan, occurring in almost every habitat apart from deserts and glaciers. The great majority are to be found in the tropics, mostly Asia, South America and Central America. They are found above the Arctic Circle, in southern Patagonia and even on Macquarie Island, close to Antarctica.

The following list gives a rough overview of their distribution:

  • tropical America: 300 to 350 genera
  • tropical Asia: 250 to 300 genera
  • tropical Africa: 125 to 150 genera
  • Oceania: 50 to 70 genera
  • Europe and temperate Asia: 40 to 60 genera
  • North America: 20 to 30 genera

Taxonomy

This family is totally recognised, and the APG II system of 2003 places it in the order Asparagales.

The taxonomy of this family is in constant flux, as new studies continue to identify more classificatory elements.

Five subfamilies are now recognised. The cladogram has been made according to the APG system:

Ecology

Neottia nidus-avis, a myco-heterotrophRead more at Wikipedia.org


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Gorgeous C. Green Emerald 'Orchid Queen' Flowers 4" potGorgeous C. Green Emerald 'Orchid Queen' Flowers 4" pot $50.00 Rare Gramm. stapelliflorum 2" pot SpeciesRare Gramm. stapelliflorum 2" pot Species $30.00
Cattleya violacea var. semi-alba Redberry Creme 'Firewalker' 2" pot SpeciesCattleya violacea var. semi-alba Redberry Creme 'Firewalker' 2" pot Species $50.00 Speciman Size Dendrobium platycaulon Bloom size 4" pot Mini SpeciesSpeciman Size Dendrobium platycaulon Bloom size 4" pot Mini Species $300.00
Cattleya lueddemaniana var. coerulea Flowers 4" pot SpeciesCattleya lueddemaniana var. coerulea Flowers 4" pot Species $90.00 Eduard 1/72 Leaves Palm Cocos Nucifera colour # 73441Eduard 1/72 Leaves Palm Cocos Nucifera colour # 73441 $25.16
6" X 6" wood slat plaque Perfect for an Orchid mount or Staghorn fern mount6" X 6" wood slat plaque Perfect for an Orchid mount or Staghorn fern mount $6.00 Vanda curvifolium Tw-4865 MVanda curvifolium Tw-4865 M $14.00
Brassavola cordata Bloom size Mounted tree fern Nice SpeciesBrassavola cordata Bloom size Mounted tree fern Nice Species $15.00 Blc. Oconee X Brassavola cucullata 2" pot Primary HybridBlc. Oconee X Brassavola cucullata 2" pot Primary Hybrid $30.00
Gorgeous Rhyncholaelia digbyana 'Palmer Orchids' Bloom size 4" pot SpeciesGorgeous Rhyncholaelia digbyana 'Palmer Orchids' Bloom size 4" pot Species $50.00 Cattleya amethystoglossa X Cattleya granulosa 2" pot Primary HybridCattleya amethystoglossa X Cattleya granulosa 2" pot Primary Hybrid $30.00
13 Phalaenopsis Seedlings Package V3.013 Phalaenopsis Seedlings Package V3.0 $65.00 Large C. Caribbean 'OrangeTreat' X Cattleya lawrenceana Flowers 6" potLarge C. Caribbean 'OrangeTreat' X Cattleya lawrenceana Flowers 6" pot $130.00
12" wood slat basket Perfect for an Orchid or Staghorn12" wood slat basket Perfect for an Orchid or Staghorn $27.00 Cattleya percivaliana X Schomburgkia brysiana Bloom size 6" pot Primary HybridCattleya percivaliana X Schomburgkia brysiana Bloom size 6" pot Primary Hybrid $70.00
Rare Podangis dactyloseras Bloom size 2" pot SpeciesRare Podangis dactyloseras Bloom size 2" pot Species $30.00 Calanthe grouuville, x C, Vetista, orchid hybrid ( new )Calanthe grouuville, x C, Vetista, orchid hybrid ( new ) $22.00
12" octagonal wood slat basket Perfect for an Orchid or Staghorn12" octagonal wood slat basket Perfect for an Orchid or Staghorn $33.00 Wow Cattleya guttata var. alba Bloom size 4" pot Nice SpeciesWow Cattleya guttata var. alba Bloom size 4" pot Nice Species $70.00
Dendrobium tetragonum fma. alba  Tw-4827 MDendrobium tetragonum fma. alba  Tw-4827 M $18.00 Leptotes bicolor Bloom size 2" pot Nice SpeciesLeptotes bicolor Bloom size 2" pot Nice Species $40.00
Awesome Cattleya aurantiaca 'Orange Spots' Flowers 4" pot Nice SpeciesAwesome Cattleya aurantiaca 'Orange Spots' Flowers 4" pot Nice Species $50.00 Sun Bulb Better Gro 4-Quart Orchid Bark, New, Free ShippingSun Bulb Better Gro 4-Quart Orchid Bark, New, Free Shipping $14.69
Sale - 5+ Live Orchids Plants(Cattleya, Oncidium,Dendrobium,Vanda ,Phalaenopsis)Sale - 5+ Live Orchids Plants(Cattleya, Oncidium,Dendrobium,Vanda ,Phalaenopsis) $29.99 Bulbophyllum lobbii Tw-4080 PBulbophyllum lobbii Tw-4080 P $24.00
Gorgeous Rhyncholaelia glauca Flower 5" pot SpeciesGorgeous Rhyncholaelia glauca Flower 5" pot Species $60.00 Orchids Species Dendrobium lawesii (red) 1 Plant Bloom sizeOrchids Species Dendrobium lawesii (red) 1 Plant Bloom size $29.99
Small Green Daisy orchid clips, 30 pcs.Small Green Daisy orchid clips, 30 pcs. $7.00 Lc.Florence Lin "Diamond Orchids" x MaikaiLc.Florence Lin "Diamond Orchids" x Maikai $10.50
Wow Laelia anceps X Schomburgkia undulata var.alba Bloom size Mounted HybridWow Laelia anceps X Schomburgkia undulata var.alba Bloom size Mounted Hybrid $100.00 Orchids Species Paphiopedilum godefroyae 1 plant bloom sizeOrchids Species Paphiopedilum godefroyae 1 plant bloom size $29.99
Bulb. Taiwan Cicad Tw-4633 BBulb. Taiwan Cicad Tw-4633 B $24.00 Brad-679775-New Zealand Sphagnum MossBrad-679775-New Zealand Sphagnum Moss $25.11
Cattleya lueddemaniana 'Rubra' 2 Sheaths/Flowers 4" pot SpeciesCattleya lueddemaniana 'Rubra' 2 Sheaths/Flowers 4" pot Species $90.00 Schomburgkia crispa X Schomburgkia undulata v. alba Bloom size Mounted HybridSchomburgkia crispa X Schomburgkia undulata v. alba Bloom size Mounted Hybrid $100.00
Angraecum alleizettei Tw-3347 MAngraecum alleizettei Tw-3347 M $35.00 50 pcs/bag hoya seeds,hoya plant,ball orchid seeds,rare bonsai flower seeds(Mix)50 pcs/bag hoya seeds,hoya plant,ball orchid seeds,rare bonsai flower seeds(Mix) $1.00
Angcm. magdalenae Tw-4568 PAngcm. magdalenae Tw-4568 P $20.00 Stanhopea wardii Bloom size 3" pot Nice PlantsStanhopea wardii Bloom size 3" pot Nice Plants $35.00
Stanhopea ruckeri 4 inch basket Hard To Find SpeciesStanhopea ruckeri 4 inch basket Hard To Find Species $75.00 Gorgeous Vanda Mimi Palmer Bloom size 4" basket Large Plant with 2 KeikisGorgeous Vanda Mimi Palmer Bloom size 4" basket Large Plant with 2 Keikis $100.00
10x Aloe suprafoliata Aloe Seeds Garden Room Plant Aloen Original New #64110x Aloe suprafoliata Aloe Seeds Garden Room Plant Aloen Original New #641 $7.86 Grow More , bonsai soil Acidifier 30-10-10, 1.5 LbsGrow More , bonsai soil Acidifier 30-10-10, 1.5 Lbs $15.00
Laelia purpurata X Brassavola cucullata 2" pot Primary HybridLaelia purpurata X Brassavola cucullata 2" pot Primary Hybrid $30.00 Stormara Mem. Ruben Sauleda Flowers 6" pot Nice PlantStormara Mem. Ruben Sauleda Flowers 6" pot Nice Plant $150.00
100 Pcs, Orchid Seeds High Simulation Flower Phalaenopsis Orchid Plants100 Pcs, Orchid Seeds High Simulation Flower Phalaenopsis Orchid Plants $1.76 Cattleya lueddemaniana var. coerulea 'Blue Lip' Flowers 4" pot SpeciesCattleya lueddemaniana var. coerulea 'Blue Lip' Flowers 4" pot Species $90.00
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Prices current as of last update, 03/21/18 11:08pm.

See also...
Cattleya Orchid, Orchids, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Gardening & Plants
Orchid Plant, Orchids, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Gardening & Plants

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