Color plate from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der NaturNeottia nidus-avis, a myco-heterotrophCattleya aclandiae. Note the typical zygomorphic flower with three petal-like sepals (top, lower right, lower left), two normal petals on either side and  the labellumOrchis lactea showing the two tubers
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Orchids

Orchidaceae, also called the Orchid family, is the largest family of the flowering plants (Angiospermae). Its name is derived from the genus Orchis. more...

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The Royal Botanical Gardens of Kew list 880 genera and nearly 22,000 accepted species, but the exact number is unknown (perhaps as many as 25,000) because of taxonomic disputes. The number of orchid species equals about four times the number of mammal species, or more than twice the number of bird species. It also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. About 800 new orchid species are added each year. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species). The family also includes the Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus) and many commonly cultivated plants like some Phalaenopsis or Cattleya.

Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species in the 19th century, horticulturists have more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.

Distribution

Orchidaceae are cosmopolitan, occurring in almost every habitat apart from deserts and glaciers. The great majority are to be found in the tropics, mostly Asia, South America and Central America. They are found above the Arctic Circle, in southern Patagonia and even on Macquarie Island, close to Antarctica.

The following list gives a rough overview of their distribution:

  • tropical America: 300 to 350 genera
  • tropical Asia: 250 to 300 genera
  • tropical Africa: 125 to 150 genera
  • Oceania: 50 to 70 genera
  • Europe and temperate Asia: 40 to 60 genera
  • North America: 20 to 30 genera

Taxonomy

This family is totally recognised, and the APG II system of 2003 places it in the order Asparagales.

The taxonomy of this family is in constant flux, as new studies continue to identify more classificatory elements.

Five subfamilies are now recognised. The cladogram has been made according to the APG system:

Ecology

Neottia nidus-avis, a myco-heterotrophRead more at Wikipedia.org


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No Tag Phalaenopsis Spike 6" pot Nice SpeciesNo Tag Phalaenopsis Spike 6" pot Nice Species $30.00 Large Encyclia tampensis 'Hamlyn' Spikes 4" pot Nice SpeciesLarge Encyclia tampensis 'Hamlyn' Spikes 4" pot Nice Species $70.00
Orchid Dendrochillum WenzeliiOrchid Dendrochillum Wenzelii $11.99 Bin- Den. anosmum var. alba - Hawaii's Hono-Hono Orchid Plant! Collectors item!Bin- Den. anosmum var. alba - Hawaii's Hono-Hono Orchid Plant! Collectors item! $49.99
( Cattleyas 3 - Plant special 2' - 3" potters ) ( Nice Large Seedlings )( Cattleyas 3 - Plant special 2' - 3" potters ) ( Nice Large Seedlings ) $45.00 Cattleya jenmanii v. rubra Near Blooming Size/Should Bloom This YearCattleya jenmanii v. rubra Near Blooming Size/Should Bloom This Year $33.00
Orchid Dendrobium Napporn Pink ( White Mutation)Orchid Dendrobium Napporn Pink ( White Mutation) $14.99 Blc Kat Sky Song Lg Maroon Cattleya Orchid Mericlone Starter Plant 5dBlc Kat Sky Song Lg Maroon Cattleya Orchid Mericlone Starter Plant 5d $9.95
Lady Slipper Acule, (Live Plant), Cypripedium Acaule, Propagated, Garden ReadyLady Slipper Acule, (Live Plant), Cypripedium Acaule, Propagated, Garden Ready $25.00 Galeandra baueri Tw-2962 PGaleandra baueri Tw-2962 P $24.00
V. Dr. Anek Fcc 4N x V. M Rattana x V. Bitz's Hearthrob - Red Vanda OrchidV. Dr. Anek Fcc 4N x V. M Rattana x V. Bitz's Hearthrob - Red Vanda Orchid $14.99 Zygostates lunata Tw-4481 MZygostates lunata Tw-4481 M $16.00
Cattleya mossiae V coerulea X SibCattleya mossiae V coerulea X Sib $22.50 Fragrant! Br. Little Stars White Br Nodosa Hybrid Cattleya Orchid Plant 5dFragrant! Br. Little Stars White Br Nodosa Hybrid Cattleya Orchid Plant 5d $7.95
Lpna. Kingston 'Hamlyn' Am/Aos x Bro. Sanguinea aurea 'Maxine'Lpna. Kingston 'Hamlyn' Am/Aos x Bro. Sanguinea aurea 'Maxine' $75.00 Orchid Wooden BasketOrchid Wooden Basket $10.00
Lc. Mini Purple Coerulea 'Shimanai' ( very healthy )Lc. Mini Purple Coerulea 'Shimanai' ( very healthy ) $20.00 Encyclia tampensis var. alba Several Spikes 4" pot SpeciesEncyclia tampensis var. alba Several Spikes 4" pot Species $100.00
Slc. Jami Hollingsworth ' sun bulb' orchid plantSlc. Jami Hollingsworth ' sun bulb' orchid plant $12.50 Neomorica gracilis.Neomorica gracilis. $15.00
Slc Circle Of Life ~Red Alert~ Mini- Cattleya Mericlone Orchid Starter Plant 5dSlc Circle Of Life ~Red Alert~ Mini- Cattleya Mericlone Orchid Starter Plant 5d $9.95 Arachnis Maggie Oei (varigated leaves) Tw-3856 PArachnis Maggie Oei (varigated leaves) Tw-3856 P $34.00
Orchid Plalenopsis Yu Pin "sweetie" X Doritaenopsis Ox-firebirdOrchid Plalenopsis Yu Pin "sweetie" X Doritaenopsis Ox-firebird $14.99 Catyclia Middleburg X Encyclia borilano Spike/Flowers 4" pot SpeciesCatyclia Middleburg X Encyclia borilano Spike/Flowers 4" pot Species $50.00
Gastrochilus calceolaris Tw-2252 MGastrochilus calceolaris Tw-2252 M $22.00 ( Pot. Roy' Magic 'Carmela' ) - fragrant healthy plants( Pot. Roy' Magic 'Carmela' ) - fragrant healthy plants $20.00
Maxillaria ampliflora (Camaridium ampliflorum) 'Type'
00004000
 *Bs Rare Orchid Species*Maxillaria ampliflora (Camaridium ampliflorum) 'Type' 00004000 *Bs Rare Orchid Species* $26.00 Pleurothallis immersa *Blooming Size Orchid Species* *New Growth*Pleurothallis immersa *Blooming Size Orchid Species* *New Growth* $14.00
2 Plugs * Miltassia Lavender Kiss 'Lavender Taffy' - Bare Root Orchid Plant2 Plugs * Miltassia Lavender Kiss 'Lavender Taffy' - Bare Root Orchid Plant $10.50 Lc Culminant La Tuilerie Original CloneLc Culminant La Tuilerie Original Clone $115.00
D. Discolor)(species dendrobium) growing niceD. Discolor)(species dendrobium) growing nice $22.50 Pachypodium brevicaulePachypodium brevicaule $12.00
Clowesia Grace Dunn 'Chadds Ford' Am/Aos Tw-4695 PClowesia Grace Dunn 'Chadds Ford' Am/Aos Tw-4695 P $24.00 Phal. Knaw Kwang Daeng seedling orchid plantPhal. Knaw Kwang Daeng seedling orchid plant $8.00
Orchid Vanda Ren storel x V. Dr Anek in spike near spike Exotic Tropical PlantOrchid Vanda Ren storel x V. Dr Anek in spike near spike Exotic Tropical Plant $59.95 Enc. Tempensis AlbaEnc. Tempensis Alba $35.00
Yamadara Orchidom Green Glade 'Shungetsu' healthy plant with new bulb growingYamadara Orchidom Green Glade 'Shungetsu' healthy plant with new bulb growing $30.00 ( Handmade Cypress Wood Potter ) grows orchids wonderful( Handmade Cypress Wood Potter ) grows orchids wonderful $10.00
Dendrobium friedericksianum Tw-4672 PDendrobium friedericksianum Tw-4672 P $24.00 Perlite 1 gall ( size # 3 )Perlite 1 gall ( size # 3 ) $5.00
Rlc. Chunyeah 'Tzeng-Wen' x Pot. Love Call x Rlc. Love Sound x Slc. Jewelers ArtRlc. Chunyeah 'Tzeng-Wen' x Pot. Love Call x Rlc. Love Sound x Slc. Jewelers Art $19.50 Dendrobium phlox 'Milo' Am/Aos *In Bud* *Blooming Size Rare Orchid Species*Dendrobium phlox 'Milo' Am/Aos *In Bud* *Blooming Size Rare Orchid Species* $50.00
Noid Mounted orchid plant. well establishedNoid Mounted orchid plant. well established $8.00 Encyclia papilosa Bloom size Mounted cork bark Rare Cuban SpeciesEncyclia papilosa Bloom size Mounted cork bark Rare Cuban Species $500.00
Blc. Blanche Aisaka 'Yuki' ( growing nice with a new bulb growing )Blc. Blanche Aisaka 'Yuki' ( growing nice with a new bulb growing ) $20.00 Ascda. Saint Valentine orchid plant seedlingAscda. Saint Valentine orchid plant seedling $12.50
V. Fuchs Delight ( Pink ) 3' heavy duty net cup PotterV. Fuchs Delight ( Pink ) 3' heavy duty net cup Potter $12.50 No Tag Phalaenopsis Bloom size 6" pot Nice SpeciesNo Tag Phalaenopsis Bloom size 6" pot Nice Species $30.00
Phal. Jiahos Pink Girl mounted orchid plantPhal. Jiahos Pink Girl mounted orchid plant $12.00 Awesome Vanda denisoniana var. Orange Select Bloom size 4" basket SpeciesAwesome Vanda denisoniana var. Orange Select Bloom size 4" basket Species $100.00
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Prices current as of last update, 06/20/17 1:28pm.

See also...
Cattleya Orchid, Orchids, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Gardening & Plants
Orchid Plant, Orchids, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs, Gardening & Plants

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