Polystichum setiferum unrolling young frondFerns at Muir Woods, CaliforniaFerns at the Royal Melbourne Botanical Gardens
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Ferns

A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta, also known as Filicophyta. more...

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The group is also referred to as Polypodiophyta, or Polypodiopsida when treated as a subdivision of tracheophyta (vascular plants). The study of ferns and other pteridophytes is called pteridology, and one who studies ferns and other pteridophytes is called a pteridologist. The term "pteridophyte" has traditionally been used to describe all seedless vascular plants, making it synonymous with "ferns and fern allies". This can be confusing since members of the fern phylum Pteridophyta are also sometimes referred to as pteridophytes.

Life cycle

Ferns are vascular plants differing from the more primitive lycophytes by having true leaves (megaphylls), and they differ from seed plants (gymnosperms and angiosperms) in their mode of reproduction - lacking flowers and seeds. Like all other vascular plants, they have a life cycle referred to as alternation of generations, characterized by a diploid sporophytic and a haploid gametophytic phase. Unlike the gymnosperms and angiosperms, the ferns' gametophyte is a free-living organism. The life cycle of a typical fern is as follows:

  1. A sporophyte (diploid) phase produces haploid spores by meiosis;
  2. A spore grows by cell division into a gametophyte, which typically consists of a photosynthetic prothallus
  3. The gametophyte produces gametes (often both sperm and eggs on the same prothallus) by mitosis
  4. A mobile, flagellate sperm fertilizes an egg that remains attached to the prothallus
  5. The fertilized egg is now a diploid zygote and grows by mitosis into a sporophyte (the typical "fern" plant).

Fern ecology

The stereotypic image of ferns growing in moist shady woodland nooks is far from being a complete picture of the habitats where ferns can be found growing. Fern species live in a wide variety of habitats, from remote mountain elevations, to dry desert rock faces, to bodies of water or in open fields. Ferns in general may be thought of as largely being specialists in marginal habitats, often succeeding in places where various environmental factors limit the success of flowering plants. Some ferns are among the world's most serious weed species, including the bracken fern growing in the British highlands, or the mosquito fern (Azolla) growing in tropical lakes, both species form large aggressively spreading colonies. There are four particular types of habitats that ferns are found in: moist, shady forests; crevices in rock faces, especially when sheltered from the full sun; acid wetlands including bogs and swamps; and tropical trees, where many species are epiphytes.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Cinnamon Fern Shade Lover 1 plantCinnamon Fern Shade Lover 1 plant $14.99 Unique Mother Fern (Asplenium viviparum), hen-and-chicken fern. 6" potUnique Mother Fern (Asplenium viviparum), hen-and-chicken fern. 6" pot $29.90
Mysterious Air Fern plantMysterious Air Fern plant $7.50 Woodland Fern ~Lot of 5~ Full Sun or Shade Great Border Low Ground Cover 12"-18"Woodland Fern ~Lot of 5~ Full Sun or Shade Great Border Low Ground Cover 12"-18" $19.95
Platycerium willinckii v. pygmaen 4" basket Species Staghorn FernPlatycerium willinckii v. pygmaen 4" basket Species Staghorn Fern $25.00 Staghorn Fern Platycerium MountedStaghorn Fern Platycerium Mounted $110.00
100 Japanese Painted Fern Spores/seeds100 Japanese Painted Fern Spores/seeds $2.12 Was: Previous Price $2.50 Platycerium Staghorn Fern Mounted 12" Poplar Wood Plaque Handmade SoCalPlatycerium Staghorn Fern Mounted 12" Poplar Wood Plaque Handmade SoCal $77.13
Mounted and established Platycerium superbum MountedMounted and established Platycerium superbum Mounted $45.00 Fern FencingFern Fencing $62.98 List price: Previous Price $75.39
Marsh Fern Thelypteris Palustris Rhizomes Quantity: 10Marsh Fern Thelypteris Palustris Rhizomes Quantity: 10 $8.00 3+1 Lady Fern Bare Roots3+1 Lady Fern Bare Roots $9.99
Mini Ferns for Terrariums/Fairy Garden - 5 Different Plants-2" PotsMini Ferns for Terrariums/Fairy Garden - 5 Different Plants-2" Pots $14.99 Japanese Painted Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsJapanese Painted Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $46.44
Staghorn/Elkhorn Fern Platycerium Bifurcatum x Panama Large Bare Root DivisionStaghorn/Elkhorn Fern Platycerium Bifurcatum x Panama Large Bare Root Division $54.99 Mini Tillandsia Air Plant TerrariumMini Tillandsia Air Plant Terrarium $16.99
Royal Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsRoyal Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $46.44 Platycerium bifurcatum 4" pot Species Staghorn Fern 3 PlantsPlatycerium bifurcatum 4" pot Species Staghorn Fern 3 Plants $25.00
Dendrophylax funalis Bloom size Bare root Rare SpeciesDendrophylax funalis Bloom size Bare root Rare Species $100.00 Lot of 12 sword fern roots and young leaf bladesLot of 12 sword fern roots and young leaf blades $14.00
10 Sword Fern Live Plant 8-12" Edible Evergreen Zone 5-910 Sword Fern Live Plant 8-12" Edible Evergreen Zone 5-9 $29.99 Platycerium alcicorne Lemoinei 4" pot Species Staghorn FernPlatycerium alcicorne Lemoinei 4" pot Species Staghorn Fern $20.00
Florida Shield Fern 24 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free ShippingFlorida Shield Fern 24 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free Shipping $141.36 Selaginella moellendorfiiSelaginella moellendorfii $8.95
Wow Birdnest Fern 4" pot Species FernWow Birdnest Fern 4" pot Species Fern $15.00 Huge 5' Diameter Staghorn FernHuge 5' Diameter Staghorn Fern $500.00
Autumn Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsAutumn Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $46.44 4 Pack Shade Spores Princess Pine, Ground Pine, Stag's Horn, & Groundcedar4 Pack Shade Spores Princess Pine, Ground Pine, Stag's Horn, & Groundcedar $4.04 Was: Previous Price $4.75
Lemon Button Fern 4" Pot - Nephrolepis cordifolia Duffii Gift Mature HolidayLemon Button Fern 4" Pot - Nephrolepis cordifolia Duffii Gift Mature Holiday $6.99 Foxtail Fern - Asparagus meyeri - 6" Pot - Easy to Grow Houseplant - Live PlantFoxtail Fern - Asparagus meyeri - 6" Pot - Easy to Grow Houseplant - Live Plant $9.99
Silver Lady Tree Fern blechnum gibbum, well rooted in quart conatiners.Silver Lady Tree Fern blechnum gibbum, well rooted in quart conatiners. $9.99 Asplenium Scolopendrium Cristatum Crested Hart's Tongue Fern 4" Pot TerrariumAsplenium Scolopendrium Cristatum Crested Hart's Tongue Fern 4" Pot Terrarium $7.50
Platycerium bifurcatum Mounted 8" wood plaque Species Staghorn Fern 2 PlantsPlatycerium bifurcatum Mounted 8" wood plaque Species Staghorn Fern 2 Plants $75.00 Rare True Cyathea Robusta Tree fernRare True Cyathea Robusta Tree fern $17.99
Fern Plant ( 3 Live Plant/root) Shade Loving Plant,Low growing ,Zone 4 - 8Fern Plant ( 3 Live Plant/root) Shade Loving Plant,Low growing ,Zone 4 - 8 $12.76 Was: Previous Price $15.95 Platycerium superbum 6" basket Staghorn Fern SpeciesPlatycerium superbum 6" basket Staghorn Fern Species $15.00
Sensitive Fern . Onoclea . 200 SporesSensitive Fern . Onoclea . 200 Spores $3.95 Rare Drynaria rigidula 'White' 6" wood slat plaque Rare Fern SpeciesRare Drynaria rigidula 'White' 6" wood slat plaque Rare Fern Species $30.00
Princess Pine Spores Shade Groundcover 500 spores Lycopodium ObscurumPrincess Pine Spores Shade Groundcover 500 spores Lycopodium Obscurum $2.00 Was: Previous Price $2.35 Dwarf Wandering Jew - Lot Of 15 10" Organic Cuttings (Tradescantia Minima .)Dwarf Wandering Jew - Lot Of 15 10" Organic Cuttings (Tradescantia Minima .) $12.00
Lady in Red Fern Bulbs 25Lady in Red Fern Bulbs 25 $38.99 Southern Shield Fern 24 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free ShippingSouthern Shield Fern 24 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free Shipping $185.76
Wow Platycerium willinckii v. pygmaen Large Species Staghorn Fern Mounted 3 fernWow Platycerium willinckii v. pygmaen Large Species Staghorn Fern Mounted 3 fern $150.00 20 Seeds Royal Mix Hosta Seeds20 Seeds Royal Mix Hosta Seeds $2.12 Was: Previous Price $2.50
5 Spleenwort fern ferns Premium Native Woodland Bare Root Stock5 Spleenwort fern ferns Premium Native Woodland Bare Root Stock $5.25 Lemon Button Fern 6" Hanging Basket - NephrolepisLemon Button Fern 6" Hanging Basket - Nephrolepis $9.99
Autumn Fern 12 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free ShippingAutumn Fern 12 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free Shipping $92.88 1 Live Boston (Florida Native) Fern Plant Root Ball1 Live Boston (Florida Native) Fern Plant Root Ball $5.00
Established Staghorn Fern Platycerium stemaria ' Laurentii' on drift woodEstablished Staghorn Fern Platycerium stemaria ' Laurentii' on drift wood $125.00 Mairis’s Hardy Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum X Mairisii - 4” PotMairis’s Hardy Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum X Mairisii - 4” Pot $5.99
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Ostrich Fern . Matteuccia . 200 SporesOstrich Fern . Matteuccia . 200 Spores $3.95 30 Goundcedar Spores Shade Plant30 Goundcedar Spores Shade Plant $2.08 Was: Previous Price $2.45
5 Huge Sword Fern Live Plant 4- 5' Tall5 Huge Sword Fern Live Plant 4- 5' Tall $119.99 Established Staghorn Fern Platycerium elephantotis Oversized On PlaqueEstablished Staghorn Fern Platycerium elephantotis Oversized On Plaque $89.50
50 Silver Japanese Painted Fern Spores/seeds50 Silver Japanese Painted Fern Spores/seeds $1.70 Was: Previous Price $2.00 Christmas Ferns, Polystichum acrostichoides, 12 Bare Roots , Beautiful FernsChristmas Ferns, Polystichum acrostichoides, 12 Bare Roots , Beautiful Ferns $9.88
Fern plants, no container Plus Free Cactus/SucculentFern plants, no container Plus Free Cactus/Succulent $19.99 Established Staghorn Fern ~ 5 Ft. Across ~ I've had it over 15 yrs. Too Big Now!Established Staghorn Fern ~ 5 Ft. Across ~ I've had it over 15 yrs. Too Big Now! $125.00
Southern Wood Fern Dryopteris Ludovician This listing is for 10 Bare Root's OnlySouthern Wood Fern Dryopteris Ludovician This listing is for 10 Bare Root's Only $15.99 Royal Fern 12 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free ShippingRoyal Fern 12 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free Shipping $92.88
Boston fern seed 20Boston fern seed 20 $7.99 Rabbit's Foot Fern Davallia 4" Hangers Pot unique from BrownRabbit's Foot Fern Davallia 4" Hangers Pot unique from Brown $19.99
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50 Stag's Horn Club Moss Spores Lycopodium Clavatum aka Wolf's Foot50 Stag's Horn Club Moss Spores Lycopodium Clavatum aka Wolf's Foot $2.00 Was: Previous Price $2.35 Florida Shield Fern 
00004000
6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsFlorida Shield Fern 00004000 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $46.44
Beautiful 8 Live Boston Fern Healthy Florida Grown PlantsBeautiful 8 Live Boston Fern Healthy Florida Grown Plants $15.00 Rare Platycerium elephantotis Bare root Staghorn Fern SpeciesRare Platycerium elephantotis Bare root Staghorn Fern Species $30.00
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6 - Live Boston Fern Plants With Lots of Roots & Root Balls (They Will Spread)6 - Live Boston Fern Plants With Lots of Roots & Root Balls (They Will Spread) $14.00 Platycerium Alcicorne -Large Size 24 Inches - Climate: Intermediate To WarmPlatycerium Alcicorne -Large Size 24 Inches - Climate: Intermediate To Warm $37.00
fern resurrection fern with bamboo container.fern resurrection fern with bamboo container. $12.00 Ground Cedar . Lycopodium . 200 SporesGround Cedar . Lycopodium . 200 Spores $3.95
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Lot 2 tall Fern Live Plant Hardy Perennial for YardLot 2 tall Fern Live Plant Hardy Perennial for Yard $7.99 Intermediate Wood Fern . 200 SporesIntermediate Wood Fern . 200 Spores $3.95
6 Woodland Ferns native perennial6 Woodland Ferns native perennial $7.00 3 Ex Lg Cinnamon Fern Bare Root~Plant~Tuber3 Ex Lg Cinnamon Fern Bare Root~Plant~Tuber $18.99
Platycerium vassei Bare root Species Staghorn FernPlatycerium vassei Bare root Species Staghorn Fern $50.00 Hair Cap Moss . 200 SporesHair Cap Moss . 200 Spores $3.95
Hosta Plant (Live Plants/Root) Shade Loving Plant,Low growing ,Zone 4 - 8Hosta Plant (Live Plants/Root) Shade Loving Plant,Low growing ,Zone 4 - 8 $15.96 Was: Previous Price $19.95 Adiantum caudatum fernAdiantum caudatum fern $22.00
Spreading Wood FernSpreading Wood Fern $8.95 to $14.95 Platycerium Willinckii In 4" Pot - Staghorn FernPlatycerium Willinckii In 4" Pot - Staghorn Fern $20.00
Christmas Fern 6 Bare Root PlantsChristmas Fern 6 Bare Root Plants $22.68 Rare Dendrochilum bicallosum Bloom size 4" pot SpeciesRare Dendrochilum bicallosum Bloom size 4" pot Species $50.00
Japanese Bird's Nest Fern - 4" Pot - Asplenium - Easy to Grow HouseplantJapanese Bird's Nest Fern - 4" Pot - Asplenium - Easy to Grow Houseplant $7.99 Platycerium alcicorne (Madagascar) Mounted 3 plants Species Staghorn FernPlatycerium alcicorne (Madagascar) Mounted 3 plants Species Staghorn Fern $70.00
22+ year Old Staghorn/Elkhorn Fern - Big & Healhty - needs a good home!22+ year Old Staghorn/Elkhorn Fern - Big & Healhty - needs a good home! $850.00 Platycerium bifurcatum Mounted 6" wood slat plaque Species Staghorn FernPlatycerium bifurcatum Mounted 6" wood slat plaque Species Staghorn Fern $25.00
Japanese Painted Fern 24 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free ShippingJapanese Painted Fern 24 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots Free Shipping $141.36 Drosera Binata - Nice 2 Forked Leave's more than one plant in each potDrosera Binata - Nice 2 Forked Leave's more than one plant in each pot $9.99
Lemon Grass - 8 Organic Rooted Medium Plugs (Cymbopogon)Lemon Grass - 8 Organic Rooted Medium Plugs (Cymbopogon) $25.00 Established Staghorn Fern Platycerium stemaria (African species) on drift woodEstablished Staghorn Fern Platycerium stemaria (African species) on drift wood $125.00
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Prices current as of last update, 06/20/17 12:08pm.

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