Polystichum setiferum unrolling young frondFerns at Muir Woods, CaliforniaFerns at the Royal Melbourne Botanical Gardens
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Ferns

A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta, also known as Filicophyta. more...

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The group is also referred to as Polypodiophyta, or Polypodiopsida when treated as a subdivision of tracheophyta (vascular plants). The study of ferns and other pteridophytes is called pteridology, and one who studies ferns and other pteridophytes is called a pteridologist. The term "pteridophyte" has traditionally been used to describe all seedless vascular plants, making it synonymous with "ferns and fern allies". This can be confusing since members of the fern phylum Pteridophyta are also sometimes referred to as pteridophytes.

Life cycle

Ferns are vascular plants differing from the more primitive lycophytes by having true leaves (megaphylls), and they differ from seed plants (gymnosperms and angiosperms) in their mode of reproduction - lacking flowers and seeds. Like all other vascular plants, they have a life cycle referred to as alternation of generations, characterized by a diploid sporophytic and a haploid gametophytic phase. Unlike the gymnosperms and angiosperms, the ferns' gametophyte is a free-living organism. The life cycle of a typical fern is as follows:

  1. A sporophyte (diploid) phase produces haploid spores by meiosis;
  2. A spore grows by cell division into a gametophyte, which typically consists of a photosynthetic prothallus
  3. The gametophyte produces gametes (often both sperm and eggs on the same prothallus) by mitosis
  4. A mobile, flagellate sperm fertilizes an egg that remains attached to the prothallus
  5. The fertilized egg is now a diploid zygote and grows by mitosis into a sporophyte (the typical "fern" plant).

Fern ecology

The stereotypic image of ferns growing in moist shady woodland nooks is far from being a complete picture of the habitats where ferns can be found growing. Fern species live in a wide variety of habitats, from remote mountain elevations, to dry desert rock faces, to bodies of water or in open fields. Ferns in general may be thought of as largely being specialists in marginal habitats, often succeeding in places where various environmental factors limit the success of flowering plants. Some ferns are among the world's most serious weed species, including the bracken fern growing in the British highlands, or the mosquito fern (Azolla) growing in tropical lakes, both species form large aggressively spreading colonies. There are four particular types of habitats that ferns are found in: moist, shady forests; crevices in rock faces, especially when sheltered from the full sun; acid wetlands including bogs and swamps; and tropical trees, where many species are epiphytes.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Japanese Bird's Nest Fern - 4" Pot - Asplenium - Easy to Grow HouseplantJapanese Bird's Nest Fern - 4" Pot - Asplenium - Easy to Grow Houseplant $4.99 Chocolate Kiss Hens & Chicks - Sempervivum - Indoors/Out - 3.5" Pot-Chick CharmsChocolate Kiss Hens & Chicks - Sempervivum - Indoors/Out - 3.5" Pot-Chick Charms $4.99
Victoria Bird's Nest Fern - 4" Pot - Asplenium - Easy to Grow House PlantVictoria Bird's Nest Fern - 4" Pot - Asplenium - Easy to Grow House Plant $7.99 Rare Clubmoss . 200 SporesRare Clubmoss . 200 Spores $3.95
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Staghorn/Elkhorn Fern Big & Healhty Ball Platycerium Bifurcatum 40 years oldStaghorn/Elkhorn Fern Big & Healhty Ball Platycerium Bifurcatum 40 years old $600.00 Kimberly Queen Fern in 10" Pot - Air Cleansing - FreshKimberly Queen Fern in 10" Pot - Air Cleansing - Fresh $30.00
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Live Plant, Cuban Oregano, (1 plant) Indian Borage, Mexican Mint, Spanish ThymeLive Plant, Cuban Oregano, (1 plant) Indian Borage, Mexican Mint, Spanish Thyme $5.95 Platycerium Staghorn Fern Mounted 12" Poplar Wood Plaque Handmade SoCalPlatycerium Staghorn Fern Mounted 12" Poplar Wood Plaque Handmade SoCal $77.13
8 Qt Terrarium Soil & Free Moss/Gravel/Sand/Miniatur e/charcoal -w/inst PsNature8 Qt Terrarium Soil & Free Moss/Gravel/Sand/Miniatur e/charcoal -w/inst PsNature $28.99 Assorted Ferns Popular SeriesAssorted Ferns Popular Series $17.00
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Staghorn Fern Magneficentl #8Staghorn Fern Magneficentl #8 $19.99 Miniature Rabbit's Foot Fern Growing on Natural Wood Round -Exotic Houseplant-4"Miniature Rabbit's Foot Fern Growing on Natural Wood Round -Exotic Houseplant-4" $9.99
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Lady Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch PotsLady Fern 6 Plants in 3-1/2 inch Pots $46.44 New! Fern Pot Formula Gray Hypertufa Mix 10 lbs w/ Free Soil & Inst. PsNatureNew! Fern Pot Formula Gray Hypertufa Mix 10 lbs w/ Free Soil & Inst. PsNature $24.00
Mini Ferns for Terrariums/Fairy Garden - 5 Different Plants-2" PotsMini Ferns for Terrariums/Fairy Garden - 5 Different Plants-2" Pots $26.33 Staghorn Fern Live 4" Pot - Platycerium Beautiful SpecimenStaghorn Fern Live 4" Pot - Platycerium Beautiful Specimen $9.99
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Lemon Button Fern Live Plant - Houseplant growing in a 4" Pot -Great Gift Idea !Lemon Button Fern Live Plant - Houseplant growing in a 4" Pot -Great Gift Idea ! $12.33 Microsorium divirsifolium Leather Leaf Fern glossy green foliage furry footMicrosorium divirsifolium Leather Leaf Fern glossy green foliage furry foot $10.00
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		Cyathea cooperi Austrialian tree fernNew listing Cyathea cooperi Austrialian tree fern $9.99 staghorn fern. A beautiful. Family of eight staghorn ferns in a 12 inch potstaghorn fern. A beautiful. Family of eight staghorn ferns in a 12 inch pot $49.95
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Hay-Scented Fern 25 Bare Root Rhizomes Free ShippingHay-Scented Fern 25 Bare Root Rhizomes Free Shipping $72.00 Brown Rabbit's Foot Fern - Davallia - 4" PotBrown Rabbit's Foot Fern - Davallia - 4" Pot $4.99
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Staghorn Fern Platycerium 20+ years old - Local Pick-UpStaghorn Fern Platycerium 20+ years old - Local Pick-Up $1,500.00 Staghorn FernStaghorn Fern $1,300.00
Plant French Staghorn Fern - Platycerium lemoinei - 4" Pot Indoor Houseplant NewPlant French Staghorn Fern - Platycerium lemoinei - 4" Pot Indoor Houseplant New $18.96 5 Hay Scented Fern Ferns Dennstaedtia punctilobula Native Woodland Bare Roots5 Hay Scented Fern Ferns Dennstaedtia punctilobula Native Woodland Bare Roots $4.99
Hair Cap Moss . 200 SporesHair Cap Moss . 200 Spores $3.95 Huge Staghorn Fern, 6 feet acrossHuge Staghorn Fern, 6 feet across $200.00
Staghorn Fern Spore, Grow your own from spore! item# 301212121982Staghorn Fern Spore, Grow your own from spore! item# 301212121982 $7.99 Brown Rabbit's Foot Fern - 4'' Pot Mature Easy Grow Gift Holiday Cute PlantBrown Rabbit's Foot Fern - 4'' Pot Mature Easy Grow Gift Holiday Cute Plant $6.99
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Prices current as of last update, 01/18/18 3:08pm.

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